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Orientalism in Architecture and the Decorative Arts

Orientalism in Architecture and the Decorative Arts

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Author: Aleisha Olson
Description:

This lesson will examine the Moresque style of architecture in the context of Orientalism.

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Tutorial

This lesson discusses the influence of Colonialism and Orientalism on architectural styles and the decorative arts in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Notes on "Orientalism in Architecture and the Decorative Arts"

Overview

(00:00-00:44) Introduction

(00:45-02:45) Orientalism

(02:46-04:03) Sofia Synagogue, Bulgaria

(04:04-04:38) Royal Pavilion, England

(04:39-05:50) Chinoiserie

(05:51-08:04) Delftware, and Artificial Lacquerware

(08:05-08:42) What did we learn?

 

Terms to Know

Decorative Arts

The design of objects that are both beautiful and useful. Could include furniture, jewelry, and pottery, among other things.

Moorish

Relating to the Muslim people of North Africa. Also a style of Muslim architecture in Spain.

Moresque

A synonym for an Islamic decorative style of arabesque or interlaced patterns observed in Mannerism.

Islam

The religious faith of Muslims with the basic principle of absolute submission to Allah.

Minarets

A tower attached to a mosque calling people to prayer.

Arched Window

A feature of Islamic architecture where the window is characterized by having a rounded top.

Chinoiserie

An 18th-century style of western European art that incorporates the influence of Chinese decorative elements.

Delftware

A type of tin-glazed pottery produced in the Netherlands from the 16th to the 18th centuries.

Tin-Glazed Pottery

Pottery covered with a shiny white glaze to make it resemble Chinese porcelain.

 

Citations:

Image of Sofia Synagogue, Photo by Spiritia, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sofia-synagogue-from-Halite.jpg; Image of Sofia Synagogue from above, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Central_Synagouge_in_Sofia.jpg; Image of Nash, Brighton Pavilion, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pavilion.jpg; Image of Boucher, The Chinese Garden, Public Domain, http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/francois-boucher/the-chinese-garden; Image of Delftware, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WLANL_-_Artshooter_-_Schotel_met_heuvellandschap_en_familiewapen.jpg; Image of Vienna Porcelain Jug, Photo by I, Sailko, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Museo_delle_porcellane_di_Firenze,_porcellane_viennesi_a_cineserie,_1799,_02.JPG;

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Moresque

    A synonym for an Islamic decorative style of arabesque or interlaced patterns observed in Mannerism.

  • Moorish

    Relating to the Muslim people of North Africa. Also a style of Muslim architecture in Spain.

  • Minarets

    A tower attached to a mosque calling people to prayer.

  • Arched Window

    A feature of Islamic architecture where the window is characterized by having a rounded top.

  • Chinoiserie

    An 18th-century style of western European art that incorporates the influence of Chinese decorative elements.

  • Tin-Glazed Pottery

    Pottery covered in a shiny white glaze to make it resemble Chinese porcelain.

  • Decorative Arts

    A 19th-century art movement that rejected Realism, using the convention of representing things through symbols or signs.

  • Delftware

    A type of tin-glazed pottery produced in the Netherlands from the 16th to the 18th-centuries.

  • Islam

    The religious faith of Muslims with the basic principle of absolute submission to Allah.