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Ovarian Cycle and Menstrual Cycle

Ovarian Cycle and Menstrual Cycle

Author: Aaron Mullally

This lesson will describe the process of a females menstrual and ovarian cycle as well as identify hormones associated with either cycle.

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Terms to Know
Corpus Luteum

Formed from the remnants of the ruptured follicle which secretes hormones that prepare the endometrium for an embryo.


A female sex hormone that plays various roles in the female reproductive system, including preparing the endometrium for pregnancy.


Follicle Stimulating Hormone; a major hormone of the reproductive system which stimulates ovulation.


The primary oocyte surrounded by nourishing cells in the ovary.


Lutenizing hormone; A hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland and plays a large role in the reproductive system.


A woman's first menstrual cycle.


Marks the end of a woman's fertility in which a woman is no longer able to conceive.

Menstrual Cycle

Monthly cycle in which an oocyte matures and is released from a woman's ovary.


The flow of the endometrium out the vagina if the oocyte was not fertilized during the menstrual cycle.

Ovarian Cycle

The cycle in which an oocyte matures as the menstrual cycle advances.


The process of expelling the secondary oocyte from the ovary to the oviduct.


A hormone released during the menstrual cycle that prepares the endometrium for implantation.

Secondary Oocyte

The oocyte formed after meiosis I has been completed in the ovary.

Zona Pellucida

A protein layer that surrounds the follicle.