Ovarian Cycle and Menstrual Cycle

Ovarian Cycle and Menstrual Cycle

Author: Aaron Mullally

This lesson will describe the process of a females menstrual and ovarian cycle as well as identify hormones associated with either cycle.

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  • Menstrual Cycle

    Monthly cycle in which an oocyte matures and is released from a woman's ovary.

  • Menstruation

    The flow of the endometrium out the vagina if the oocyte was not fertilized during the menstrual cycle.

  • Progesterone

    A hormone released during the menstrual cycle that prepares the endometrium for implantation.

  • Estrogen

    A female sex hormone that plays various roles in the female reproductive system, including preparing the endometrium for pregnancy.

  • Menarche

    A woman's first menstrual cycle.

  • Menopause

    Marks the end of a woman's fertility in which a woman is no longer able to conceive.

  • Ovarian Cycle

    The cycle in which an oocyte matures as the menstrual cycle advances.

  • Follicle

    The primary oocyte surrounded by nourishing cells in the ovary.

  • Zona Pellucida

    A protein layer that surrounds the follicle.

  • Secondary Oocyte

    The oocyte formed after meiosis I has been completed in the ovary.

  • Ovulation

    The process of expelling the secondary oocyte from the ovary to the oviduct.

  • Corpus Luteum

    Formed from the remnants of the ruptured follicle which secretes hormones that prepare the endometrium for an embryo.

  • FSH

    Follicle Stimulating Hormone; a major hormone of the reproductive system which stimulates ovulation.

  • LH

    Lutenizing hormone; A hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland and plays a large role in the reproductive system.