Pronouns, such as "he," tell you how to form your verbs.
EXAMPLEYou wouldn't say, " I walks to work." The word "walks" is the form that you would use with "he" or "she." You also wouldn't say, "I to walk to work." In that sentence, the verb has not even been conjugated (changed) at all. It is in its infinitive or pure form.
To make the verb agree with the subject, you must conjugate, or change, it into a form that does agree with the subject. Therefore, the correct sentence is "I walk to work."
|to walk||I walk, you walk, he/she walks|
1a. Los Infinitivos (Infinitives)
Spanish has different endings for the different verb forms just like English does. All Spanish infinitives end in one of the following combinations of letters:
1b. La Primera Persona Singular (First Person Singular)
We must also learn the form of each verb that we can use with the pronoun "yo" (I). This is called the first person singular form of the verb. The verb forms that agree with "yo" almost always end in the letter "o." Simply take off the "ar," "er," or "ir," and attach an "o."
|First Person Singular||English Translation|
|yo hablo||I speak|
|yo como||I eat|
|yo vivo||I live|
You can also leave off the pronoun "yo" and the meaning will remain the same (as if the pronoun were there). This is because the verb endings imply the pronouns with which they match; the pronoun is implied in the verb ending. It is still important to know which pronoun you’re using so that you choose the correct verb form.
1c. La Tercera Persona Singular (Third Person Singular)
Finally, we need to learn the third person singular form of the verb. This form is extremely important to learn because it is used with all of the following pronouns:
To create the third person singular verb form, simply take off the "ar" and add an "a," or take off the "er" or "ir" and add an "e." See the examples below, which use the same verbs with different pronouns.
|Third Person Singular||English Translation|
|él habla||he speaks|
|ella habla||she speaks|
|usted habla||you speak|
|él come||he eats|
|ella come||she eats|
|usted come||you eat|
|él vive||he lives|
|ella vive||she lives|
|usted vive||you live|
This is also the verb form that you would use when talking about a single person when using his or her name instead of the pronouns "él" and "ella" (he and she).
Source: This content has been adapted from "Spanish for Nurses" by Stephanie Langston.