Online College Courses for Credit

+
Overview of Adjectives and Articles

Overview of Adjectives and Articles

Rating:
Rating
(0)
Author: Sophia Tutorial
Description:

Identify the meaning and gender of common Spanish adjectives.

(more)
See More
Fast, Free College Credit

Developing Effective Teams

Let's Ride
*No strings attached. This college course is 100% free and is worth 1 semester credit.

46 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

299 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 33 of Sophia’s online courses. Many different colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.

Tutorial

what's covered
In this lesson, you will learn about how adjectives function in the Spanish language, and how to determine the correct articles to accompany them. Specifically, this lesson will cover:
  1. Los Adjetivos (Adjectives)
  2. Los Artículos (Articles)
    1. Definite Articles
    2. Indefinite Articles

1. Los Adjetivos (Adjectives)

Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. There are many different types of adjectives: articles, descriptive adjectives, quantitative adjectives, and demonstrative adjectives.

No matter the type of adjective, it must agree in number and in gender with the noun that it modifies:

  • If the noun is masculine and singular, the adjective must be masculine and singular.
  • If the noun is masculine and plural, the adjective must be masculine and plural.
  • If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective must be feminine and singular.
  • If the noun is feminine and plural, the adjective must be feminine and plural.

2. Los Artículos (Articles)

Articles are adjectives that always come before nouns. This rule applies in both English and Spanish.

EXAMPLE

"The car" is "el carro."

All articles (like any other adjective) have four forms: masculine singular, feminine singular, masculine plural, and feminine plural.

There are two kinds of articles:

  • Definite
  • Indefinite
2a. Definite Articles

Definite articles refer to specific objects, such as "el amigo" (the friend). These articles are used much more frequently in Spanish than in English.

You've already learned the singular definite articles: el and la. The plural forms are los and las. They all mean the. The table below provides an example of these different forms.

Spanish Noun Number Gender English Translation
el amigo singular masculine the male friend
la amiga singular feminine the female friend
los amigos plural masculine the male friends
las amigas plural feminine the female friends

2b. Indefinite Articles

Indefinite articles refer to non-specific objects, such as "un amigo" (a friend).

The singular forms are un and una, which mean a or an. The plural forms are unos and unas, which mean some. The table below again provides an example of these different forms.

Spanish Noun Number Gender English Translation
un amigo singular masculine a male friend
una amiga singular feminine a female friend
unos amigos plural masculine some male friends
unas amigas plural feminine some female friends

summary
In this lesson, you learned about adjectives in the Spanish language. All adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they are describing. Articles are adjectives that come directly before nouns, and there are two types: Definite articles are used to refer to specific objects, while indefinite articles are used to refer to non-specific objects.

¡Buena suerte!

Source: This content has been adapted from "Spanish for Nurses" by Stephanie Langston.