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Parts of speech

Parts of speech

Author: Dan Reade
  1. Explain what parts of speech are.

  2. Explain what nouns are and how they usually function in a sentence (e.g. as subject or object)

  3. Explain what verbs are and how they usually function in a sentence (e.g. subject-verb agreement)

  4. Explain what adjectives are and where they are usually found in a sentence.

  5. Explain what adverbs are.

  6. Explain what conjunctions are and how they function in a sentence.

This packet should help a learner seeking to understand English grammar and who is confused about the different parts of speech. It will also explain why it is helpful to be able to identify parts of speech.

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Parts of Speech

There are eight basic parts of speech. The slideshow below will introduce those eight, explain them, and provide examples.

Source: Dan Reade

Parts of Speech: A Poem

This mnemonic is an easy way to remember the eight basic parts of speech:

A NOUN’S the name of any thing;

As school or garden, hoop or swing.

ADJECTIVES tell the kind of noun;

As great, small, pretty, white, or brown.

Three small words we often see

Are ARTICLES – a, an, and the.

In place of nouns the PRONOUNS stand;

John’s head, his face, my arm, your hand.

VERBS tell of something being done;

As read, write, spell, sing, jump, or run.

How things are done the ADVERBS tell;

As slowly, quickly, ill, or well.

They also tell us where and when;

As here, and there, and now, and then.

A PREPOSITION stands before A NOUN;

As in or through a door.

CONJUNCTIONS sentences unite;

As kittens scratch and puppies bite.

The INTERJECTION cries out “Hark!

I need an exclamation mark!”


Source: Creative Commons: Teacher Geek


The following video provides a description of nouns, along with their usage as the subjects and objects of sentences.

Source: Dan Reade


The following video provides an explanation of verbs, their usage, and common errors that can arise with subject-verb agreement.

Source: Dan Reade


The following video provides a brief and easy explanation of adjectives, along with examples of their placement and usage.

Source: Dan Reade


The video below provides a description of adverbs, along with examples of their usage and an easy way to distinguish between adverbs and adjectives.

Source: Dan Reade


The video below will provide a description of conjunctions and detail two ways in which they can be used in a sentence or sentences. The video will also provide an easy way to remember the seven most common conjunctions.

Source: Dan Reade


In this packet, you've learned about the major parts of English speech, and in particular

  • Nouns
  • Verbs
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Conjuctions

This information has incredibly important in terms of being able to talk about language, and in terms of avoiding common grammar mistakes. 

Source: Dan Reade