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Persuasive Action Outline

Persuasive Action Outline

Author: david utsey

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Speech 5: Persuasive Action


Choose a topic that is significant, contemporary, meaningful, and relevant to the audience. Analyze the audience, link the topic to them in a way that will gain and hold attention and interest, and agreement.

This outline must be at least 3 pages long and use 12-point font.
Use appropriate coordination and subordination. Use full sentences, including subjects and verbs for the main ideas or main points and the 1st order of subordinate ideas or sub-points. Consistently use either full-sentence or list form for 2nd -order sub-points supporting the same 1st order sub-point. Usually use list form for 3rd order, 4th order, and 5th order sub-points.
Enhance the readability of the outline. Use only one idea per point, only one sentence per point, single-space each point, and double-space vertically between points. Leave a line of white space between each point at every level.
Transitions between major sections and the main points should be provided in the outline (enclosed in parentheses). Use transitions to move the audience’s attention from one section to another or from one main point to another.
Use a consistent pattern of indentation. Type main points flush with the left margin. Indent 5 spaces for 1st-order sub-points, 10 spaces for 2nd-order sub-points, 15 spaces for 3rd-order sub-points, 20 spaces for 4th-order sub-points.
Use the following system to label the points in the body:Main Points: upper case Roman numerals [I, II, III, IV, V]
1st -order sub-points: upper case letters [A, B, C, D, E]
2nd -order sub-points: Arabic numerals [1, 2.3, 4, 5]
3rd -order sub-points: lower-case letters {a, b, c, d, e],
4th -order sub-points: Arabic numerals in parentheses [(1), (2), (3)]


Specific Purpose: Formulated into one sentence, the specific purpose identifies the precise response the speaker desires from the audience (change in behavior). Do not use infinitive phrases, i.e., “to inform” or “to persuade.” Place the label for the specific purpose sentence flush with the left margin.
Thesis Sentence: The thesis sentence (addressed to the audience, not the instructor) summarizes everything the speaker intends to say during the speech. Place the label for the thesis sentence flush with the left margin.
The introduction should gain attention, orient the audience by stating the topic, offer a reason for listening, and preview the body of the speech. The introduction (which may be outlined or written word-for-word) is designed to
gain the attention of the audience;
establish the speaker's credibility; and
orient the audience to the body of the speech.
Do not say “I will tell the story of ____,” or “I will do X, Y, or Z.” Actually outline or write the story here in the Introduction, such as “Have you ever found yourself repeating mistakes you have made before?” Actually outline or write the question here. Enclose transitions within parentheses ( ) on a line or lines separate from the rest of the outline. Transitions may link major sections OR main ideas OR subordinate ideas within the body of the speech.
The body must contain 2-5 main points using patterns of organization covered in the textbook; other patterns of organization must have prior approval by the instructor. Each main point must be well supported by 2-5 1st-order sub-points designed to illustrate the main points (examples, illustrations, facts, quotations, etc.) Don't overload the audience with information. Move from simple to complex ideas. Move from familiar to unfamiliar ideas. Define your terms.

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