PHIL 447 Week 8 Final Exam (new)

PHIL 447 Week 8 Final Exam (new)

Author: Christine Farr


1. (TCO 1) "Thinking about thinking" is the definition of what?
2. (TCO 1, 2, 4) What is the simple definition of an issue?
3. (TCO 1, 2, 3) What are the two parts of an argument?
4. (TCOs 2, 3) For inductive arguments, how do we measure their quality as stronger or weaker?
5. (TCO 1, 2) The mode of persuasion that Aristotle defined aspathos refers to arguments based on what?
6. (TCO 6) After identifying the author's conclusion or thesis in a passage, what is the next step for understanding it?
7. (TCOs 6, 7, 8, 9) Which of the five items below is usually NOT a part of a good argumentative essay?
8. (TCOs 6, 8, 9) What does it mean to say that a word, phrase, or sentence is ambiguous?
9. (TCOs 2, 6, 7, 8) In assessing claims, what do we know about hearing the claim from an interested party?
10. (TCOs 1, 6, 7, 9) What is the purpose of the rhetorical device called a dysphemism?
11. (TCOs 1, 7) What factor identifies a loaded question?
12. (TCOs 1, 2) What is the personal ad hominem fallacy?
13. (TCOs 6, 7, 8) Generally speaking, the burden ofproof is on
14. (TCOs 1, 2) 2 + 2 = 4 is an example of
15. (TCOs 3, 4) A predisposition to think about something in a certain way, such as stereotyping, is called a
16. When the speaker intentionally appeals to your emotions
17. (TCOs 2, 3, 4) The main groups of fallacies are
18. (TCOs 2, 3, 4) We confirm hypotheses by
19. (TCOs 2, 5) What is the purpose of studying a sample?
20. (TCOs 2, 5) In studying a sample, what is meant by the term error margin?
21. (TCOs 1, 5, 8, 9) What is the inductive "fallacy of hasty generalization"?
22. (TCOs 1, 2)In forming hypotheses, the Method of Agreement
23. (TCOs 1, 2, 3) What are the two kinds of causal explanations?
24. (TCOs 2, 6) In evaluating the results of an experiment, it is necessary to determine if the difference (d) in frequency in the observed events in the control and experimental group is
25. (TCOs 1, 6) If I observe that every time I eat Chinese food I get a headache, and I then offer as an explanation for my recurrent headaches is the fact that I've eaten Chinese food, I have formed an hypothesis by

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