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Phrases
Common Core: 7.L.1c

Phrases

Author: Sydney Bauer
Description:

This lesson introduces phrases and discusses how to recognize them.

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Tutorial

 

A phrase is a word or group of words functioning as a unit within the structure of a sentence. Phrases have a hard time conveying information all on their own because they lack either a subject or a verb. They are snippets of ideas that could be actions if only they could find a clause to stand by, to modify. 

Phrases behave like adjectives (modifying nouns), adverbs (modifying verbs, adverbs, and adjectives), or even a noun. They embellish sentences and create a variety of sentence structures, which allows the sentence to convey more specific or interesting information. They allow the sentence to do more. 

If a sentence is like the on-field players of a soccer team,  phrases would be the defensive players working as a unit within the larger structure of the field.

To tell whether you’re looking at a phrase or a clause, check if there is both a subject and a verb. Only a clause will contain both, that's why you'll catch more going on in a clause. 

 

Phrases can be prepositional: The flick of the flash over the threshold is what scared him the most.

Phrases can be adverbial: After the dog left rather quickly, I waited most anxiously for him to return.

Phrases can be adjectival: The audience was very happy that the 5th grade production of Helen Keller was over, but the kids were more tired than anything.

Phrases