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Prefixes and suffixes

Prefixes and suffixes

Author: Ryan Howard
Description:
  1. Introduce affixes.

  2. List common prefixes and their meaning.

  3. List common suffixes and their meaning.

This packet should help a learner seeking to understand English vocabulary. It will explain how prefixes and suffixes are used to create new words.

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Tutorial

Introduction to Affixes

An affix is a letter or group of letters that is attached either at the beginning (making it a prefix), the middle (making it an infix),  or the end of a word (making it a suffix).

There are also affixes called combining forms, which can be used either as prefixes or suffixes, but add a little more depth to the meaning.  For example, the word "anti," meaning against, can give more meaning as a prefix than "ex".  

This lesson will be focusing primarily on the basic prefix and the suffix. 

 


 

Here is a table with some of the most commonly used suffixes.

Suffix Meaning Example

-able
-ible

can be done

moveable, doable
divisible, eligible

-age

a collection or condition

coverage, shortage

-ance
-ence

state or condition

appearance, brilliance
difference, dependence

-ant
-ent

promoting

applicant, defendant
accident, different

-ation
-ion
-tion
-ition

action or process

separation, starvation
union, creation
relation, temptation
expedition, extradition

-ed

past tense verbs

cleaned, screamed

-er
-or

one who

painter, teacher
juror, tailor

-er

comparative

faster, happier

-es
-s

more than one

dishes, wishes
pans, rocks

-est

comparative

fastest, happiest

-ful

full of

wonderful, harmful

-ician
-ist

one who practices

magician, physician
artist, novelist

-ing

verb form/present participle

dancing, running

-ive

a tendency towards

detective, creative

-ize

to become

sterilize, itemize

-less

without

fearless, flawless

-ly

characteristic of

frankly, timidly

-ment

action or process

refreshment, advancement

-ness

state of, condition of

darkness, kindness

-ous
-eous
-ious

possessing the qualities of

joyous, poisonous
righteous, courteous
hilarious, religious