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Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes and Suffixes

Author: Ms. K
Description:
  1. Introduce affixes.

  2. List common prefixes and their meaning.

  3. List common suffixes and their meaning.

This packet should help a learner seeking to understand English vocabulary. It will explain how prefixes and suffixes are used to create new words.

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Tutorial

-IXES

AFFIX
noun |ˈaˌfiks|

an additional element placed at the beginning or end of a root, stem, or word, or in the body of a word, to modify its meaning.

 

prefix
noun |ˈprēˌfiks|
an element placed at the beginning of a word to adjust or qualify its meaning, e.g., ex-, non-, re-.

 

SUFFIX
noun |ˈsəfiks|
an element added at the end of a word to form a derivative, e.g., -ation, -fy, -ing, -itis.

Source: Dictionary - Version 2.1.2 (80.3) - Copyright © 2005–2009 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.

Prefix and Suffix Rap

This video discusses a bit about what prefixes and suffixes are and how they interact with roots.

COMMON PREFIXES

Prefix

Meaning

Example

a-/an-

lacking in, lack of

asexual, anemic

a-

verb > predicative adjective with progressive aspect

afloat, atremble

ante-

before

antebellum

anti-

against

anti-war, antivirus, anti-human

ambi-

both

ambidextrous

auto-

self

autobiography, automatic

co-

joint, with, accompanying

co-worker, coordinator, cooperation

counter-

against, in opposition to

counteract, counterpart

de-

reverse action, get rid of

de-emphasize

dis-

not, opposite of

disloyal, disagree

dis-

reverse action, get rid of

disconnect, disinformation

en-/em-

to make into, to put into, to get into

enmesh, empower

ex-

former

ex-husband, ex-boss, ex-colleague

homo-

same

homogenous, homologous

in-/il-/im-/ir-

not, opposite of

inexact, irregular

inter-

between, among

interstate, interact

mal-

bad(ly)

malnourish

mega-, megalo-

great, large

megastar, megalopolis

mid-

middle

midlife

mini-

small

minimarket, mini-skirt

mis-

wrong, astray

misinformation, misguide

multi-

many

multi-storey

out-

better, faster, longer, beyond

outreach, outcome

over-

too much

overreact, overact

ped-/pod-

foot

pedestrian, podiatrist

poly-

many

polygon

post-

after

post-election, post-graduation

pre-

before

pre-election, pre-enter

pro-

for, on the side of

pro-life

re-

again, back

rerun, return

self-

self

self-sufficient

step-

family relation by remarriage

stepbrother

trans-

across, from one place to another

transatlantic

ultra-

beyond, extremely

ultraviolet, ultramagnetic

un-

not, opposite of

unnecessary, unequal

un-

reverse action, deprive of, release from

undo, untie

vice-

deputy

vice-president, vice-principal

 

COMMON SUFFIXES

Suffix

Meaning

Examples

-ian/-an

related to, like

Minnesotan, amphibian

-ize/-ise

to make what is denoted by the noun/adjective

anesthetize, fantasize

-fy

to produce verbs meaning to make

horrify, liquefy

-ly

used to form adverbs

happily, angrily, manly

-ful

implies a thorough and certain possession of the quality of the noun

wakeful, beautiful

-able/-ible

relevant or suitable to, in accordance with, able to be

fashionable, moveable

-hood

a condition or state of being the thing or being in the role

childhood, brotherhood

-ness

in a state of

darkness, happiness

-less

lacking

childless

-ism

descriptive terms for doctrines or principles or ideologies in general

atheism, racism, feminism

-ist

one who follows a principle or system of belief or one who uses something or one who holds biased views.

racist, violinist

-ish

typical or similar to

childish

-ment

the action or result of what is denoted by the verb

commencement, judgment

-ed

past tense

jumped, tweeted

-ing

progressive, continuous

running, jumping

-en

past participle

awaken, taken, stolen

-er

comparative, more

better, hotter, colder

-est

superlative,  most

best, hottest, coldest

-n’t

negative

didn’t, wouldn’t

-s

third person singular present

walks, runs, surfs

-s

plural

girls, boys

 

Source: Made by me with help from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suffix