List common prefixes and their meaning.
List common suffixes and their meaning.
This packet should help a learner seeking to understand English vocabulary. It will explain how prefixes and suffixes are used to create new words.
An affix is a part of a word (morpheme) that is attached to a word (stem) to form a new one. Plain and simple these are the things we put in front or at the end of words to make changes to them.
There are two main affixes that important to know. The prefix and suffix are common and knowing these make learning new words easier.
In this lesson we’ll go over and list some common prefixes and suffixes.
Even the words prefix and suffix have the concepts we’re learning about in them! Pre means before and suffix means after.
Prefix happens before a word stem
Pre Affix Suf
Suffixes happen after a word stem
Source: Ben Creagh
Here is a list of common prefixes, their meaning with an example of how it is used. It is suprising that the highlighted prefixes account for a huge percentage of prefixes encountered in the English Language.
Most Common Prefixes
|dis-*||not, opposite of||disagree|
|en-, em-||cause to||encode, embrace|
|in-, im-, il-, ir-*||not||injustice, impossible|
|*Most frequent. The four most frequent prefixes account for 97 percent of prefixed words in printed school English.|
Here are some common suffixes, and their meaning. If you stop and think about how many words we can make from one word stem, it is incredible. Once again, note that four of the suffixes are used the most in the English Language.
|Most Common Suffixes|
|-able, -ible||can be done||comfortable|
|-al, -ial||having||personal characteristics of|
|-er,||one who||worker, actor|
|ic||having||linguistic characteristics of|
|-ing*||verb form/||running present participle|
|-ion, -tion,||act, process||occasion, attraction -ation, ition|
|-ity, -ty||state of||infinity|
|-ive, -ative, -itive||adjective form||plaintive of a noun|
|-ment||action or process||enjoyment|
|-ness||state of, condition of||kindness|
|-ous, -eous, -ious||possessing the||joyous qualities of|
|-s, -es*||more than one||books, boxes|
|*Most frequent. The four most frequent suffixes account for 97 percent of suffixed words in printed school English.|