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Preparing For a Positive Learning Environment

Preparing For a Positive Learning Environment

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Author: Capella Partnered with CARD
Description:

This lesson covers:
RBT C-2: Prepare for the session as required by the skill acquisition plan.

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Tutorial

what's covered
This lesson will explore how to prepare for a positive learning environment by defining and discussing the following: This lesson will review the following:
  1. Building Rapport
  2. Check in With Caregivers
  3. Prepare Physical Environment
  4. Review Notes

1. Building Rapport

Building rapport is especially important during your first several sessions with a patient. Here are some ways to build rapport with your patient:

  • Get to know the patient’s preferences and favorite activities.
  • Spend time engaging in the preferred activities with the patient. This can make it easier when you start introducing programs and placing demands.
  • Avoid stopping a patient's preferred activity immediately when you arrive to start “working.” We do not want to pair ourselves from the outset with the termination of “fun” activities.
  • Pair yourself with reinforcement. This is critical for establishing a good working relationship and creating motivation.

Video Transcription

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OK, I understood that one.

Yay! [INAUDIBLE]

Uh-oh.

[LAUGHING]

[INAUDIBLE]

Help you?

Jacob help!

Jacob's not in here. He can't help you. Uh-oh, where's Landon? I don't know. Landon's hiding. Is he in the foam pit? No, not in there. No!

[SCREAMING]

Where we going?

[INAUDIBLE]

Where are you going?

[PLAYING SOUNDS]

[ROAR]

Oh, the big old shark is going to get you. I'm going to swim and get you. I'm going to get you. I'm going to get you.

More shark.

More shark?

[SCREAMING]

More shark. OK, ready? Ah! More shark. Ah!


2. Check in With Caregivers

Check in with caregivers or staff on starting the ABA session, in the following ways:

  • Gather information about issues that may be affecting the patient.
  • Ask about the patient’s current motivation and mood.

EXAMPLE

How is their day going? What are some recent successes or challenges?
  • Ask about current behavioral challenges that may affect their performance.
  • Determine the physical state of the patient.

EXAMPLE

How did the patient eat or sleep?
These things may affect the ABA therapy session, so it is important to find out about them prior to the session.
  • Remember to maintain professional boundaries. Do ask relevant questions about the patient and things that may impact the ABA session. Do not ask about the caregiver’s social or personal life or share details about your own.

Video Transcription

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Every time we asked him to do anything, he sat down, and sort of not-- violent is the wrong word, but roughly, to where he almost threw his head back on cement a couple of times, where I grabbed his arms and lowered him because he was going to throw his head back, I thought. I have some tools that I use from you guys. None of them worked to--

Was he just having a bad day from the get-go?

I think it was more energy. You know what I mean? He's cooped up, and then, there's no way I'm doing what you're asking me right now. I'm glad I got to see Elan. I think he just was like, I'm not doing what you do. I'm going to play right now. And so we even tried that, to differentiate, if you go on the lawn, you can play. But you're going to walk with me, and then you can play.

OK. That didn't work, did it?

No, it did not work. It was sort of a setback in my mind. I hadn't seen this behavior. I had no idea what to do.

Oh, OK. Well, what I'll say-- we're here.

I know.

So not to make it dire, but yesterday, to me, was sort of a rough day. It was surprising to me. I know I make a lot of mistakes when I'm with him when he does stuff like that. But I know somewhere in here, the tools are there. But yesterday I was--

It's instinctual.

--they just all went out the window, because he was just--

He didn't listen to you.

Nothing was working. He was the boss yesterday. I couldn't figure it out.


3. Prepare Physical Environment

Prepare the physical environment for the fluid implementation of the ABA therapy session programs and to prevent pauses or interruptions by doing these tasks:

  • Clear and organize the environment.
  • Remove distractions and/or hazardous items, as these may affect the patient’s focus during therapy. Removing items that can be thrown, torn, etc., can help ensure success.
  • Gather necessary materials like program and data sheets, stimuli and materials for targets, reinforcing items, and activities for break times. This keeps a fluid pace and prevents long pauses during the therapy session.

Video Transcription

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In order to help reinforcement be as effective as possible, sometimes we need to look at making changes to the environment where therapy is taking place. This may be something as simple as maybe better organizing the room where toys are located. If a child or a student has free access to lots of motivating or fun toys, then it may be hard to keep their attention. So one easy thing that you might want to do is looking at maybe better arranging the area where therapy is taking place.

You may also need to consult with your supervisor if, when you arrive for a therapy session, the individual is already engaged in highly preferred activities, such as watching a movie or swimming in the swimming pool or eating a very preferred snack. These might be things where we need to help the parents prepare the student a little bit more effectively for therapy. We may want to ask the parent to reserve certain reinforcers just for therapy or after therapy or maybe even restrict certain activities maybe 30 minutes to an hour prior to a therapy session starting.

Now, these would be things that you would want to do in collaboration with your supervisor. However, if you're regularly showing up to a client's house or getting ready for a therapy session and you're having a hard time motivating that student or that child because of activities that they already have access to, this might be a helpful tool that you can use as a therapist to make your sessions more effective.


4. Review Notes

Review notes from previous sessions, including the following:

  • Information regarding progress on learning tasks and behavioral issues
  • Prompting levels
  • Specific stimuli used
  • Any changes that may have occurred
  • Any behavioral challenges
summary
In this lesson, you reviewed tips and techniques for preparing for a positive learning environment in your therapy sessions with patients in ABA. You reviewed the importance of building rapport, especially during your first several sessions with a patient, checking in with caregivers or staff on starting the ABA session, preparing the physical environment to ensure it is ready for the ABA therapy session, and reviewing notes from previous sessions.