Along with exams and papers, another type of assignment you might encounter in higher education is the project. A project, broadly defined, is an activity that involves learning about a subject by engaging over an extended period of time with a particular question, problem, or issue and producing work that demonstrates academic concepts in action.
Some instructors prefer what is called “project-based learning” to more traditional academic work because they feel projects promote an active, as opposed to a passive, educational approach. Whereas exams and papers represent work that most students will leave behind after they graduate, the projects that are assigned in college courses can be designed to simulate or prepare you for the real-world work you will do after graduation.
The term “project” can be used to describe an array of different kinds of assignments. Your assigned project might entail conducting research and delivering your findings to the class with a formal presentation. It could involve performing a scientific experiment and writing up the results or composing and distributing a survey.
If part or all of the focus of your course teaches you how to make something—an instructional video, a website, a lesson plan—your final project for the course might be to make that thing.