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Properties of Color

Properties of Color

Author: Maria Tucker

In this lesson you will learn about the basic characteristics and terminology associated with color.

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Notes on "Properties of Color"


Image of Color Spectrum, Public Domain

Image of color pencils, Public Domain

Image of Newton Color Circle, Public Domain

Image of Newton, Public Domain

Image of Goethe Color Circle, Public Domain

Image of Goethe, Public Domain

Image of Color Temperature, Public Domain

Image of Value, Public Domain

Image of house, Public Domain

Image of Surfer, Public Domain

Image of tennis player, Public Domain

Image of landscape, Public Domain

Terms to Know
Color Spectrum

The seven hues of visible light: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. These hues are arranged on the spectrum by wavelength.

Color Temperature

A measurement in Kelvin used to describe lighting conditions when viewing color.


The name of a color.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

German writer and artist who studied the physiological effects of color. Goethe opposed Newton's analytical data and also created a color circle.


Another term for the intensity of a color, usually refers to the purity or vividness of a color.

Sir Isaac Newton

English physicist, mathematician and color theorist who decomposed light into the colors of the spectrum, devised the Particle Theory of Light and created the first color "circle".


Another term for lightness or darkness.