Author:
Michele Harris

The student wil be able to use given lengths to tell if sides of right triangles are proportional,

Exercises for section 4.10

Tutorial

If in a rightr triangle the perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle to the hypotenuse:

1. The two triangles thus formed are similar to the given triangle and to each other

2. The perpendicular is the mean proportional between the segments of the hypotenuse

3. Each leg of the given triangle is the mean proportional between the hypotenuse and the adjacent segment

given: right triangle ABC, and CD the perpendicular from C to the hypotenuse AB

prove: triangle ADC ~ triangle ABC ~ triangle DBC

AD : DC = DC : DB

AD : AC = AC : AB AND DB : BC = BC : AB

statements for proof:

2. <C = right <

3. AC perpendicular BC

4. <A = < x prime, <B = < y prime

5. <A = <A, <B = <B

6. triangle ADC ~ triangle ABC ~ triangle DBC

7. AD : DC = DC : BD

AD : AC = AC : AB

DB : BC = BC : AB

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

2. definition of right triangle

3. definition of perpendicular lines

4. Angles whose sides are perpendicular right to right and left to left are =

5. identity

6. a.a.

7. C.S.S.T.P.

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

In circle O, PA is a tangent and AB a diameter. If PB cuts the circle at C, prove (AC)^{2} = BC x CP.

*Use diagram given in text.

given: circle O, diameter AB; tangent PA; secant PB cutting circle O in C

prove: (AC)^{2 }= BC x CP

statements for proof:

2. draw AC

3. arc ACB is a semicircle

4. <ACB is a right angle

5. AC perpendicular to PB

6. PA perpendicular to AB

7. <PAB is a right angle

8. triangle PAB is a right triangle

9. BC : AC = AC : CP

10. (AC)^{2} = BC X CP

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

2. through 2 given points one and only one straight line can be drawn

3. a diameter bisects a circle into two semicircles

4. an angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle

5. definition of perpendicular lines

6. a tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius at the point of contact

7. definition of perpendicular lines

8. definition of a right triangle

9. if in a right triangle the perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle to the hypotenuse, the perpendicular is the mean proportional between the segments of the hypotenuse

10. in any proportion the product of the means equals the product of the extremes

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

How can it be shown in Theorem 61 that (DC)^{2} = AD x DB? (AC)^{2 }= AD x AB?

(BC)^{2} = DB x AB?

* use the diagram given in the text

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

The fundamental property of proportions: the product of the means equals the product of the extremes

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

***Use the drawing for Theorem 61 for exercises 4 through 6. Express answers as radicals and fractions if applicable.

If AD = 9 in, DB = 4 in, find DC, AC, and BC

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

AD : DC = DC : DB

9 : DC = DC : 4

(DC)^{2 }= 36

DC = 6 in.

AD : AC = AC : AB

AD: AC = AC : AD + DB

9 : AC = AC : 13

(AC)^{2}= 117

AC = = 10.8 in.

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

If DC = 8 in, AD = 16 in, find DB, BC, AND AC

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

AD : DC = DC : DB

16 : 8 = 8 : DB

16DB = 64

DB = 4 in.

DB : BC = BC : AB

DB : BC = BC : AD + DB

4 : BC = BC : 20

(BC)^{2}= 80

BC = = 8.9 in.

AD : AC = AC : AB

16 : AC = AC : AD + DB

16 : AC = AC : 20

(AC)^{2 }= 320

AC = = 17.9 in.

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

If AC = 6 in, AD = 4 in, find AB and BC

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

AD : AC = AC : AB

4 : 6 = 6 : AB

4AB = 36

AB = 9 in.

DB : BC = BC : AB

AB - AD:BC = BC:AB

5 : BC = BC : 9

(BC)^{2} = 45

BC = = 6.7 in.

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

If the sides of two triangles are 6 in, 8 in, 10 in, and 15 in, 20 in, 25 in. respectively, are the two triangles similar?

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006

6/15 = 2/5; 8/20 = 2/5; 10/25 = 2/5

yes, since the corresponding sides are proportional

Source: ABEKA Plane Geometry 2006