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4 Tutorials that teach Psychotic Disorders
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Psychotic Disorders

Psychotic Disorders

Description:

This lesson will identify, describe and differentiate the primary symptom(s) for the each type of psychotic disorder.

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Tutorial

What's Covered

This lesson will cover psychosis by looking at:

  1. Psychotic Disorders
  2. Characteristic of Psychosis

1. Psychotic Disorders

Psychosis and psychotic disorders are an extreme psychological concept. It's something that shows the more drastic effects of mental disorders. It has been popularized as a result of this, but is something that's very widely misunderstood.

Term to Know

  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Mental disorders that involve a split from, or loss of contact with, reality.

Psychosis derived from the Greek word psyche, which means the mind, and -osis, which refers to some kind of abnormal or non-normal state. This is a split, or loss of contact, from reality, or from normal mental functioning.

Psychotic disorders are different ways that this kind of thing may occur. A person with psychosis has a completely different experience of reality from what everybody else around them might.

The most recognized form of a psychotic disorder is schizophrenia, but it can also be caused in different other ways as well like specific damage to the brain. This is called organic psychosis. It can actually occur normally through  aging and the deterioration of the brain. This would be diagnosed as dementia.

ExampleAlzheimer's is a form of dementia, and is where a person has a completely different kind of mental feeling about what's going on in the world. They often relate it to past events and not the reality around them.

It can also be caused by people intentionally through the use of drugs. This is usually a temporary state.

Exampleif somebody uses a drug like LSD, or acid, they can have a temporary form of psychosis. This isn't what we would call a psychotic disorder, but rather an intentional psychotic state.


2. Characteristic of Psychosis

Now psychosis and psychotic disorders are characterized by two major features, or symptoms:

  • Hallucinations-any kind of imagined sensations from a stimulus that is not there. Hallucinations can be very strong for a person that's having them. They can take the form of any kind of sensory input.

    ExampleVisual hallucination can be flashes of color or light. Oftentimes, visual also take the form of some kind of human figure.

  • Delusions- something that a person strongly believes in, even if there's evidence that it isn't This can range from very close to real life beliefs, to the very bizarre or far-fetched.

    ExampleA person with very extreme delusions might have a feeling that aliens are controlling their brain,

Terms to Know

  • Hallucinations
  • An imagined sensation, or a feeling that person has without any stimulus to cause it.
  • Delusions
  • A strong belief that a person holds, regardless of contrary evidence.

There are several different forms of delusions as well. The most important to remember is a paranoid delusion. Paranoia is when a person believes that they're being persecuted by others. This can lead to a paranoid delusion disorder.

ExampleA person with paranoid delusions might think that the police are constantly monitoring them.

Term to Know

  • Paranoia
  • A delusion where a person believes they are being persecuted by others.

Another form of delusion would be erotomanic. This is when a person believes that another person loves them, even though they might have never have met them.

ExampleCelebrity stalkers, oftentimes.

There are also grandiose delusions.  This is having feelings of being some kind of great person.

ExampleThey might think they're the second coming of Jesus.

Jealous delusions are strong feelings that a person’s spouse or significant other is cheating on them, without any kind of evidence to back it up.

Somatic delusions are beliefs that their body is diseased, rotting, or falling apart in some kind of way.

Summary

Psychotic disorder are an extreme psychological concept. A person with psychosis has a complete split with reality, and the person has a completely different view of reality.  Characteristics of psychosis include hallucinations and delusions. Paranoia is the most important form of delusions to remember.

Source: This work is adapted from Sophia Author Erick Taggart

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Psychotic Disorders

    Mental disorders that involve a split from, or loss of contact with, reality.

  • Hallucinations

    An imagined sensation, or a feeling that person has without any stimulus to cause it.

  • Delusions

    A strong belief that a person holds, regardless of contrary evidence.

  • Paranoia

    A delusion where a person believes they are being persecuted by others.