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Punctuation Packet

Punctuation Packet

Author: Nikki Hansen

To review or introduce common punctuation marks and their proper use such as periods, question marks, commas, dashes, parentheses, semi-colons, brackets and more.

This packet discusses the proper use of punctuation marks from periods to parentheses, and from commas to clauses. There is a text portion as well as two video aides with commentary.

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Punctuation: Review + New Terms

Punctuation Marks

What you should already know:

Comma: a punctuation mark used for separating things (lists, clauses, certain adverbs, phrases, between adjectives, before quotes, etc)

Example: My brother, a silly and restless boy, chased the cat.

Example: I am going to buy apples, rice, chicken and cashews at the store.

Period: also known as a “full stop,” a period is the most common punctuation mark used at the end of a sentence.

Example: There is a period properly placed at the end of this sentence.

Exclamation Point: a punctuation mark used at the end of an exclamation/interjection to indicate strong feelings or loud/high volume.

Example: Hey! Get out of my room!

Example: Hooray! We're winning!

Question Mark: a question mark takes the place of a period at the end of a sentence that is interrogative/asks a question. A question mark is also used in place of missing information.

Example: Do you know who let the dogs out?

Parentheses: parentheses are used to set apart or interject other text.

Example: There are many families in town (especially on my block) with a lot of children.

Quotation Marks: punctuation marks that indicate speech (or a quote, phrase or word).

Example: My mom said, “Nikki, it's time for bed.”

Example: While reading the novel, I noticed a theme of love; this occurs most strongly in Catherine's words, “He's more myself than I am.”

New Terms:

Semi-colon: this is a punctuation mark that can be used for several things. It can make a smiley face ; ) - but typically is used to separate words of opposed meanings or to indicate interdependent statements.

Example: A parent chooses; a child obeys. → this is an example of an interdependent statement

Example: I like to tease her; yet, I hate being teased. → this is an example of opposed meanings.

Brackets: brackets are used in text to enclose explanatory or missing material – usually added by someone other than the author.

Example: He is a professional when it comes to coaching high school [sports].

Example: Benjamin Franklin said, “A small leak...sink[s] a great ship.”

Dash: the dash is used to show ranges, relationships and connections and to compound adjectives.

Example: Horses live 25 – 30 years.

Example: We have the ideal mother-daughter relationship.

Example: I live in the non-crowded part of town.

Clause: A group of words containing a subject and verb.

Example: I thanked the woman who helped me. 

Source: wiki, nikki

Punctuation Review and Examples

This video lightly discusses the punctuation points made in this packets. These videos contain brief explanations as well as examples.

Additional Clause Information

This quick video discusses a variety of clauses; this video includes some examples of well as pictures of "claws" and "claus's" :)

Source: Creative Commons, Flickr, Bearclaw Manufacturing, Matti Mattila, Modomatic, Jillallyn, Raphael Goetter