To review or introduce common punctuation marks and their proper use such as periods, question marks, commas, dashes, parentheses, semi-colons, brackets and more.
This packet discusses the proper use of punctuation marks from periods to parentheses, and from commas to clauses. There is a text portion as well as two video aides with commentary.
What you should already know:
Comma: a punctuation mark used for separating things (lists, clauses, certain adverbs, phrases, between adjectives, before quotes, etc)
Example: My brother, a silly and restless boy, chased the cat.
Example: I am going to buy apples, rice, chicken and cashews at the store.
Period: also known as a “full stop,” a period is the most common punctuation mark used at the end of a sentence.
Example: There is a period properly placed at the end of this sentence.
Exclamation Point: a punctuation mark used at the end of an exclamation/interjection to indicate strong feelings or loud/high volume.
Example: Hey! Get out of my room!
Example: Hooray! We're winning!
Question Mark: a question mark takes the place of a period at the end of a sentence that is interrogative/asks a question. A question mark is also used in place of missing information.
Example: Do you know who let the dogs out?
Parentheses: parentheses are used to set apart or interject other text.
Example: There are many families in town (especially on my block) with a lot of children.
Quotation Marks: punctuation marks that indicate speech (or a quote, phrase or word).
Example: My mom said, “Nikki, it's time for bed.”
Example: While reading the novel, I noticed a theme of love; this occurs most strongly in Catherine's words, “He's more myself than I am.”
Semi-colon: this is a punctuation mark that can be used for several things. It can make a smiley face ; ) - but typically is used to separate words of opposed meanings or to indicate interdependent statements.
Example: A parent chooses; a child obeys. → this is an example of an interdependent statement
Example: I like to tease her; yet, I hate being teased. → this is an example of opposed meanings.
Brackets: brackets are used in text to enclose explanatory or missing material – usually added by someone other than the author.
Example: He is a professional when it comes to coaching high school [sports].
Example: Benjamin Franklin said, “A small leak...sink[s] a great ship.”
Dash: the dash is used to show ranges, relationships and connections and to compound adjectives.
Example: Horses live 25 – 30 years.
Example: We have the ideal mother-daughter relationship.
Example: I live in the non-crowded part of town.
Clause: A group of words containing a subject and verb.
Example: I thanked the woman who helped me.
Source: wiki, nikki
This video lightly discusses the punctuation points made in this packets. These videos contain brief explanations as well as examples.
This quick video discusses a variety of clauses; this video includes some examples of clauses...as well as pictures of "claws" and "claus's" :)
Source: Creative Commons, Flickr, Bearclaw Manufacturing, Matti Mattila, Modomatic, Jillallyn, Raphael Goetter