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Quantitative Adjectives

Quantitative Adjectives

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Author: Sophia Tutorial
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Determine the correct form of a quantitative adjective based on the related noun.

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Tutorial

what's covered
In this lesson, you will learn about the purpose of quantitative adjectives in the Spanish language, and how they function grammatically. Specifically, this lesson will cover:
  1. Los Adjetivos de Cantidad (Quantitative Adjectives)
    1. Numbers
    2. Mucho and Poco

1. Los Adjetivos de Cantidad (Quantitative Adjectives)

In Spanish, adjectives of quantity, or amount, always come before nouns.

1a. Numbers

The most obvious are numbers: dos amigos, tres amigos, cuatro amigos, cinco amigos, etc. Numbers just have one form.

EXAMPLE

There is only "cinco" (five); there is no such thing as "cinca," "cincos" or "cincas."

The only number that does change forms is the number "one," which we'll discuss later.

1b. Mucho and Poco

The most common adjectives of quantity that are not numbers are the words mucho and poco. The singular form of "mucho/mucha," means "much of" or "a lot of," while the singular form of "poco/poca" means "a little of." When they are in their plural forms, "muchos/muchas" means "many" and "pocos/pocas" means "few."

Note that the masculine plural forms can also refer to a mixed gender group.

EXAMPLE

"Muchos amigos" can refer to a group of male and female friends.

Spanish Adjective and Noun Number Gender English Translation
mucho dinero singular masculine much money
mucha comida singular feminine a lot of food
poco dinero singular masculine a little money
poca comida singular feminine a little food
muchos amigos plural masculine many male friends
muchas amigas plural feminine many female friends
pocos amigos plural masculine few male friends
pocas amigas plural feminine few female friends

summary
In this lesson, you learned about quantitative adjectives in the Spanish language. These adjectives come before nouns and are used to describe an amount of something. The most common quantitative adjectives are numbers and the words mucho and poco (a lot of and a little of).

¡Buena suerte!

Source: This content has been adapted from "Pharmacy Spanish" by Stephanie Langston.