In Spanish, adjectives of quantity, or amount, always come before nouns.
The most obvious are numbers: dos amigos, tres amigos, cuatro amigos, cinco amigos, etc. Numbers just have one form.
EXAMPLEThere is only "cinco" (five); there is no such thing as "cinca," "cincos," or "cincas."
The only number that does change forms is the number "one," which we'll discuss later.
1b. Mucho and Poco
The most common adjectives of quantity that are not numbers are the words mucho and poco. The singular form of "mucho/mucha," means "much of" or "a lot of," while the singular form of "poco/poca" means "a little of." When they are in their plural forms, "muchos/muchas" means "many" and "pocos/pocas" means "few."
Note that the masculine plural forms can also refer to a mixed gender group.
EXAMPLE"Muchos amigos" can refer to a group of male and female friends.
|Spanish Adjective and Noun||Number||Gender||English Translation|
|mucho dinero||singular||masculine||much money|
|mucha comida||singular||feminine||a lot of food|
|poco dinero||singular||masculine||a little money|
|poca comida||singular||feminine||a little food|
|muchos amigos||plural||masculine||many male friends|
|muchas amigas||plural||feminine||many female friends|
|pocos amigos||plural||masculine||few male friends|
|pocas amigas||plural||feminine||few female friends|
Source: This content has been adapted from "Spanish for Nurses" by Stephanie Langston.