Source: Image and animation created by Nathan Lampson
A DNA molecule that contains DNA from multiple species, often used with bacteria (example: using recombinant DNA to stimulate E. coli to produce human insulin).
Manipulating an organism’s DNA to create a genetically modified organism (mice, crops).
Enzymes that cut apart specific segments of DNA.
DNA that is separate from a chromosome but can code for a protein, are often circular, double stranded and common in bacteria.