Recombinant DNA Technology

Recombinant DNA Technology

Author: Aaron Mullally

This lesson will explain what recombinant DNA is and how it is used for genetic engineering.

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Terms to Know
Genetic Engineering

Manipulating an organism’s DNA to create a genetically modified organism (mice, crops).

Plasmid DNA

DNA that is separate from a chromosome but can code for a protein, are often circular, double stranded and common in bacteria.

Recombinant DNA

A DNA molecule that contains DNA from multiple species, often used with bacteria (example: using recombinant DNA to stimulate E. coli to produce human insulin).

Restriction Enzyme

Enzymes that cut apart specific segments of DNA.