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We invest a great deal of time and effort in planning and preparing for our units of study. In this tutorial, we'll talk about how to reflect on the personalized learning environment that you've created for your students through the use of careful planning and lesson design. We'll begin by outlining Marzano's 10 instructional design questions, which you can use as a guide for your reflection, and then we'll address the idea of reflecting using data that was collected throughout the unit. Let's get started.
In the 2007 book, The Art and Science of Teaching, Robert Marzano identified 10 instructional design questions that teachers should use to guide their planning and their reflection. Each question asks the teacher to respond from a personal perspective. What will I do to establish and communicate learning goals? What will I do to track student progress, and how will I celebrate success? How will I help students effectively interact with the new knowledge that they obtain in my class?
What will I do to help students generate and test hypotheses about this new knowledge? What will I do to engage students in my classroom? What will I do to establish or maintain classroom rules and procedures, both at the beginning of the school year and on a daily basis? How will I recognize and acknowledge adherence to the rules and procedures? How will I handle a lack of adherence to the rules and procedures? How will I nurture effective and authentic relationships with students? How will I communicate my high expectations to them? And how will I develop effective lessons that are organized in a logical fashion into a cohesive unit?
Marzano's 10 questions can be used to guide the design process or to help you in reflecting after the unit is completed. You can also use data to guide your reflection. You might include data from the PDSA cycle, from class or individual action plans, from Plus/Minus/Delta charts completed by students or peers, in addition to using assessment data and any other type of data that you might find valuable.
Here are some questions to ask yourself. What did I personally observe students doing throughout the unit? Can I draw conclusions from the formative and summative assessment data that I collected throughout the unit? When students completed projects and solved problems, what were the outcomes? Did any peers provide me with feedback? If so, what were the specifics? And finally, did I successfully increase student engagement and student empowerment through the use of personalization? Does the data that I collected support this?
In this tutorial we saw that Marzano's 10 instructional design questions can be used both for planning and reflection purposes, and we talked about using data as a reflection tool as well. Now it's your turn to apply what you've learned in this video. The Additional Resources section will be super helpful. This section is designed to help you discover useful ways to apply what you've learned here. Each link includes a brief description so you can easily target the resources you want. Thanks for joining me today. Have a great day.
(00:00 - 00:29) Introduction
(00:30 - 01:44) Marzano's 10 Design Questions
(01:45 - 02:49) Reflecting Using Data
(02:50 - 03:01) Review
(03:02 - 03:22) Stop and Reflect
My Reflections on Personalized Learning
This is one teacher's reflection on implementing personalized learning in his instruction. This blog post offers practical insights from a teacher who has begun to personalize his classroom and the lessons that he has learned thus far.
This is a collection of blogs on teacher experiences with using personalized instruction. In particular, the first post ("Is Flipping the Classroom the Future of Education?") offers teachers reflective questions to ask before they consider flipping their classroom.