1. (TCO 1) The word religion literally means:
2. (TCO 1) The position that argues that we cannot know whether there is a god or not is known as:
3. (TCO 2) Who was the German theologian who argued in The Idea of the Holy that religions emerge when people experience that aspect of reality which is essentially mysterious?
4. (TCO 4) Who was the Scottish anthropologist and author of The Golden Bough who saw the origins of religion in early attempts by human beings to influence nature and who identified religion as an intermediate stage between magic and science?
5. (TCO 4) What is the name of the Austrian ethnographer and philologist who argued that all humankind once believed in a single High God and that to this simple monotheism later beliefs in lesser gods and spirits were added?
6. (TCO 8) Vedic religion was:
7. (TCO 8) The power of a god is often symbolized by
8. (TCO 9) Hinduism, as formulated in the Upanishads
9. (TCO 10) Both Jainism and Sikhism:
10. (TCO 8) According to the Buddha, his teachings must be:
11. (TCO 8) Once a person reaches nirvana:
12. (TCO 8 ) The Chinese word for "righteousness," "benevolence," "humanity-at-its-best" is:
13. (TCO 8) Confucius thought the most important relationship was
14. (TCO 9) Which is not a Daoist value?
15. (TCO 9) In Zhuangzi's (Chuang Tzu's) famous dream, he was not certain that he was not:
16. (TCO 5) All of the following ancient world religions are minor religions except:
17. (TCO 11) Sikhism is charaterized by:
18. (TCO 6) A contract between the Hebrews and their God was called a
19. (TCO 6) The sacred core of the Hebrew Bible is called the
20. (TCO 6) A joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt and freedom from oppression is:
21. (TCO 7) Jesus sometimes summed up his teachings in
22. (TCO 7) The most Jewish of the Gospels is:
23. (TCO 6) Muhammad's job before he became a prophet was as a
24. (TCO 6) The month of fasting, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, is known
25. (TCO 12) The youngest alternative path studied in this chapter is
1. (TCO 4) Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's theory about the origin of religions with William James's theory. How does each of these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Now analyze how the insights of Freud or James might illuminate your religious tradition or the tradition with which you are the most familiar. How would Freud or James understand that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g., a specific belief or ritual).
2. (TCO 9) Identify and analyze the Four Noble Truths, in particular, the Noble Eightfold Path. What ideas from Hinduism did Buddhism
3. (TCO 3) Explain and evaluate Thomas Aquinas' Cosmological Argument for the existence of God: The first and plainest is the method that proceeds from the point of view of motion. It is certain and in accord with experience, that things on earth undergo change. Now, everything that is moved is moved by something; nothing, indeed, is changed, except it is changed to something which it is in potentiality. Moreover, anything moves in accordance with something actually existing; change itself, is nothing else than to bring forth something from potentiality into actuality. Now, nothing can be brought from potentiality to actual existence except through something actually existing: thus heat in action, as fire, makes fire-wood, which is hot in potentiality, to be hot actually, and through this process, changes itself. The same thing cannot at the same time be actually and potentially the same thing, but only in regard to different things. What is actually hot cannot be at the same time potentially hot, but it is possible for it at the same time to be potentially cold.
4. (TCO 11) Identify and analyze three basic patterns in indigeneous religions.
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