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Research Methods

Research Methods

Author: Sadie Pendaz

This lesson will explore research methods, delineate the steps of the scientific method. It will also discuss experiments, survey research, focus groups, participant observation and using secondary sources for analysis.

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Terms to Know

A regimented and highly controlled method for investigating cause and effect relationships among variables.

Focus Group

A group of individuals brought together in one room for a guided discussion of some topic of interest to research.


A research method where people are observed in-context going about their daily routines.

Research Method

A coherent and organized plan for conducting research.

Secondary Sources

A research method that makes use of the work of other researchers.

Survey Research

A research method where subjects respond to the researcher's questions directly in an interview or questionnaire.

The Scientific Method

A procedure that involves systematically formulating questions, gathering data, and testing hypotheses.