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Respiratory System Disorders and Heath

Respiratory System Disorders and Heath

Author: Aaron Mullally
Description:

This lesson will examine the cause and effect of various disorders of the respiratory system.

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Tutorial
TERMS TO KNOW
  • Bronchitis

    Mucus accumulates in airways of respiratory system as a reaction to the increase in air pollutants which can lead to serious issues if not treated.

  • Emphysema

    Lungs and airways become stiffened due to inflammation and breakdown of alveoli leading to insufficient gas exchange.

  • Asthma

    A condition in which bronchioles narrow suddenly causing breathing troubles which is triggered by allergens, stress, exercise or respiratory infections.

  • Sleep Apnea

    A condition in which a person's breathing suddenly stops for a period of time and then resumes during sleep.

  • Pneumonia

    An infection of the lungs in which fluid build-up makes it difficult to breathe.

  • Tuberculosis

    A lung infection caused by a type of bacteria which destroys lung tissue.

  • Cilia

    Hair-like projections found on the surface of various types of cells that play a role in locomotion.

  • Phagocytes

    Cells that act in innate immunity to engulf pathogens (phagocytosis) in attempt to prevent infection.