Lada is a marque of car manufactured by Russian car manufacturer AvtoVAZ based in Togliatti, Samara Oblast. It was originally the export brand for models sold under the Zhiguli name in the domestic Soviet market after June 1970.
Lada cars became popular in Russia and Eastern Europe during the last two decades of the Soviet era, particularly in former Soviet bloc countries, where they became a symbol of city life.
The original Lada was widely exported in sedan and station-wagon versions, and with over 20 million units sold before production finally ended in mid-2012, it had become the highest-selling automobile to be produced without major design change.
The Lada badge depicts a shallow-draft river sailing ship (a form of Viking Longship) known as a lad'ya in Russian.
KAvZ (Russian: Курга́нский авто́бусный заво́д, КАвЗ, Kurgansky Avtobusny Zavod) is a bus manufacturer in Kurgan, Russia. The factory started producing buses in 1958, based on trucks from GAZ. During the 1990s, it assembled Ikarus buses for the Russian market. Now a subsidiary of GAZ, it specialises in producing small buses, in particular school buses.
KaVZ is a subsidiary of Russian Buses which is a subsidiary of GAZ Group .