Online College Courses for Credit

Sacramental Life Unit 3 Eucharist

Sacramental Life Unit 3 Eucharist

Author: Jon McGurran
See More

Unit 3 Vocabulary

Define each term in your own words and put each word in a sentence.


Unit 3 Study Guide

Unit 3 Study Guide



  1. What does “Real Presence” mean?
  2. What do Christians mean by the word “communion”?
  3. How does the Eucharist transform a person?
  4. What was the Exodus?
  5. Briefly describe the Passover meal.
  6. What did Jesus do in the Passover meal that was different?
  7. What is the “cup of consummation” for Christians?
  8. Explain the significance of the Mass as a memorial and as a sacrifice.
  9. What are the four requirements of a sacrifice? Explain how the Sacrifice of the Mass fulfills these requirements.
  10. How is a Christian united to the sacrifice of Christ?
  11. If Christ was sacrificed only once, then how can we speak of the Mass as a sacrifice?
  12. What meaning is being conveyed with the words “representation” and “re-enactment” when applied to the Mass?
  13. Explain the analogy between Jesus and manna.
  14. In the Bread of Heaven discourse, the thousands who had been following Jesus turned away and left. Why did he not just explain his words in a way that would have been acceptable to them? Apply this to some teachings of the Church today.
  15. What can we learn about the Eucharist from the Bread of Heaven discourse?
  16. Select three of the fruits of receiving the Eucharist and explain them in your own words.
  17. What happens when the priest says the words of Consecration?
  18. What words of St. Paul reaffirm the early Christian belief in the Real Presence, rather than explaining it as a metaphor?
  19. What is meant by the word “transubstantiation”?
  20. How did the custom of reserving the Eucharist outside of Mass arise in the early Church?
  21. What are ways in which the Church shows respect for the Holy Eucharist?
  22. Describe three different types of Eucharistic adoration.
  23. The word “koinonia” or “communio” was used to describe the early Church. Explain the use of these words.
  24. How is the meaning of “communio” expressed in the Eucharist?
  25. What does the word “eucharist” mean? Why was this word chosen to designate the Body and Blood of our Lord?
  26. How did the Liturgy of the Eucharist come to be called the Mass?
  27. Why is it important to fast before receiving the Eucharist?/
  28. What is the significance of being free from mortal sin when receiving the Eucharist?
  29. Who is the high priest who presides over the Eucharist?
  30. Who may celebrate the Liturgy of the Mass?
  31. What are some external ways in which the faithful can participate in the Mass?
  32. List several ways in which a person may privately or internally participate in the Mass.
  33. What are the two parts of the Mass? What is the origin of each of these two parts?
  34. How did the early Christians fulfill the Commandment to keep the Sabbath?
  35. How did the custom of worshipping on Sunday arise?
  36. Why were the liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist united into one liturgical service?

D1 part 1: Reading

(You will need to download this and zoom.)

1.) Outline the article

2.) In a half page single space (300 words) tell me specifically what does it say about the Mass. How is the Mass that St. Justin Martyr experienced 1900 years ago similar to what you experience today?

Then do the podcast


D1 Institution of the Eucharist and Christ as the Bread from Heaven

1.) What did the early Church mean by the term, the “Breaking of the Bread”?
2.) What is the Passover?
3.) How did Jesus break with custom during his last Passover meal?
4.) What is the “Blood of the Covenant,” and what did Jesus’ words imply?
5.) What part of the Passover meal did Jesus omit at the Last Supper?
6.) How did Jesus refer to the cup of consummation as he prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane?
7.) How did Jesus refer to the cup of consummation when St. Peter fought against Jesus’ arrest by cutting off the ear of the high priest’s slave? How did he do it on the Cross?
8.) What further claims about himself did Jesus make as recorded in John 6:51?
9.) How did Jesus’ listeners understand Jesus’ words in 6:53-58, and how did the word “eat” reinforce this understanding?
10.) What did Jesus’ “Bread from Heaven” discourse do to his popularity?
11.) What was St. Peter’s response? How is he an example for us in Faith?
12.) What are the two essential teachings?

D2 Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist

1.) What is Real Presence?
2.) How does St. Paul speak about the Eucharist in 1 Cor 10, what about 1 Cor 11?
3.) What does St. Paul mean by the word "participate"?
4.) What does St. Paul mean by the word "discern"?
5.) What does "transubstantiation" mean?
6.) What are the five teachings on Real Presence
7.) What are the ten names of the Eucharist

(Remember to do the reading below)

D2 pt.2

In the same way you read, outlined, and then provided a summary of the St. Justin Martyr article, do the same with this article about the Miracle of Lanciano. In your summary process your thoughts about this event.


D3 Old Covenant Sacrifices, the Cross, and the Mass

1.) How is the celebration of the Eucharist a memorial? How is it more than an ordinary memorial?
2.) How is the Mass related to the New Covenant?
3.) How did Melchizedek foreshadow the Mass?
4.) What are the four requirements of a sacrifice in the Old Testament? How is each fulfilled in the Eucharist?
5.) Why did the priests in the Old Testament consume the burnt offering? How do we participate in the same way?
6.) Why were the sacrifices of the Old Testament imperfect and what makes Christ's sacrifice perfect?
7.) What does it mean to say that the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross and the sacrifice of the Eucharist are one in the same?
8.) How do we share in Christ's priesthood in the Eucharist?
9.) How did the first Christians worship? How is it similar for us today?
10.) Why did Saturday worship end for the early Christians?

D4 The Liturgy of the Mass

1.) List and briefly describe all the parts of the Mass (25)
2.) The Sunday masses are on a how many year cycle?
3.) Why is the liturgy of the Word also known as the Mass of the Catechumens?

D5 Getting the Most out of the Eucharist, the Minister, and Koinonia

1.) List the seven internal preparations.
2.) List the six external preparations.
3.) What is Eucharistic adoration?
4.) What is Benediction?
5.) What is a Eucharistic procession?
6.) How is the unity of the faithful as the Body of Christ created?
7.) What is the vertical dimension of Koinonia?
8.) What is the horizontal dimension of koinonia?
9.) How does the Eucharist strengthen both dimensions?
10.) List the eight fruits of regular reception.
11.) List the five guides for proper reception.