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# Scale

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Author: Sophia Tutorial
##### Description:

In this lesson, you will learn about the Scale principle.

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Tutorial

Hello and welcome to today's lesson on scale. In today's lesson, you will learn about scale as well as proportion. Specifically, this lesson will cover:

1. Scale
2. Proportion

## 1. Scale

The scale is a design principle that refers to the size of an element.

•       Scale
•        Scale is a design principle that refers to the size of an element.

This simple principle is actually really important because it can drastically affect the perception of the design, or photo, or whatever you have.

So as an example, below are two different images of the same cat.

You'll notice that in the second photo he's rather large. Scale here is being used to add a bit of dramatic effect to this photo, or even created as a focal
point to this image.

## 2. Proportion

Scale goes hand in hand with proportion, which is the ratio of one size of an element to another.

•      Proportion
•      Proportion is the ratio of one size of an element to another.

Proportion is needed to help identify the scale of an element by allowing the viewer to compare multiple elements in a design. So you compare the size of a tree to a car in order to establish how large one or the other is.

Take a look at the example images below.

You can see from this example that scale and proportion directly affect our perception on the size of both the butterfly and the flower in relation to one another.

Now look at the images below for one more drastic example.

The scale of the cypress in proportion to the mansion will impact just how extravagant the mansion actually is. It's sort of diminishes the size of the mansion when the scale of the cypress are a lot larger in porportion to the mansion.

So that actually concludes today's lesson. In today's lesson you learned how scale can impact how large something appears to us in design. You also learned that scale is very closely related to proportion, which helps you determine the size of something based on the size of something else.

Keep up the learning and have a great day!

Source: SOURCE: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR MARIO E. HERNANDEZ

Terms to Know
Proportion

Proportion is the ratio of one size of an element to another.

Scale

Scale is a design principle that refers to the size of an element.