Author: Karim Lakhani

To learn about anatomy of an Animal Cell.

The following are examples of structures and organelles that can be found in typical animal cells:

Cell (Plasma) Membrane - thin, semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasmof a cell, enclosing its contents.
Centrioles - cylindrical structures that organize the assembly of microtubules during cell division.

Cytoplasm - gel-like substance within the cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum - extensive network of membranes composed of both regions with ribosomes (rough ER) and regions without ribosomes (smooth ER).
Golgi Complex - also called the Golgi apparatus, this structure is responsible for manufacturing, storing and shipping certain cellular products.
Lysosomes - sacs of enzymes that digest cellular macromolecules such as nucleic acids.
Microtubules - hollow rods that function primarily to help support and shape the cell.
Mitochondria - cell components that generate energy for the cell and are the sites ofcellular respiration.
Nucleus - membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information.

Nucleolus - structure within the nucleus that helps in the synthesis of ribosomes.
Nucleopore - tiny hole within the nuclear membrane that allows nucleic acids and proteins to move into and out of the nucleus.

Ribosomes - consisting of RNA and proteins, ribosomes are responsible for protein assembly.

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