This lesson is going to look at the ideas of self and how that can lead to our personality by covering:
Humanism is a theory of psychology that emphasizes a person’s perspectives about growth and potential within themselves. The important figures to remember for this theory are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow.
One key aspect of this theory is the idea of self and how it can lead to our personality. Both of these psychologists wanted to identify what were the best possible conditions for human growth, and that led to the development of theories of self and self-actualization.
Roger's theory of self said that a person’s self, or personality, is composed of three different parts:
If a parent says that their child is a bad or naughty person, then that person is more likely to think that they're a bad or naughty person, and their behavior will reflect that.
According to Rogers, the way that these three aspects of self interact leads to our personality. Incongruence is when these aspects of personality are not together. It is when there are differences between our self-concept, our ideal self, and/or our true self. An individual is not aligned as a person.
A person might have unrealistic expectations about what they're actually able to achieve. Their self-concept and ideal self are apart from each other.
This leads to stress and anxiety. The ideal situation is congruence. Congruence is when a person is honest and has come to terms with what their abilities and potentials are. All aspects do not have to match exactly, but should be very closely aligned.
Rogers referred to as a fully-functioning persona. This is a person that has found a balance between their thoughts and feelings, and they have a balanced personality. A fully-functioning persona is a person that's congruent.
Maslow expanded on Rogers' ideas of self, and said that there were certain needs that a person had which were not necessarily just internal. Having both the internal and external needs met, allows a person to become fully functioning. This is what Maslow called his hierarchy of needs. It's what you would consider to be the soil, or what's necessary for a person to grow.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs are external and internal conditions necessary for a person to become fully functioning; lower needs must be met prior to higher needs, but higher needs must be met for a fulfilling life.
At the bottom are basic kinds of needs. These are physiological needs, which are food, water, shelter, as well as a sense of safety. Above that are social and emotional needs that a person might have like the need for love and belonging. Moving further up is the need for esteem and cognitive needs. At the top is self-actualization.
Maslow's idea is that a person needs to fulfill the lower needs first. A person needs to be able to feel safe andLoading... have the things needed to survive before they can go on to the stages at the top. According to Maslow those higher needs must be reached to have a fulfilled life
Roger’s theory of self stated that the personality is made of three parts: self-concept, ideal self, and real self. When these are aligned it creates congruence, which is the ideal state. When congruence is achieved, it will lead to a fully-functioning persona. Maslow expanded on this by saying that a person has certain needs that must be met first. Maslow's hierarchy of needs shows lower needs are physical ones like food, shelter, and safety. The highest level is self-actualization which is achieved when fully-functioning persona.
Source: This work is adapted from Sophia Author Erick Taggart
Emphasizes current, subjective understanding; self-concept, real self, ideal self.
True representation of the person we are.
Internalizes standards of judgments that evaluate our behavior, emotions, and thoughts.
Our total perception of ourselves; mental picture based on our perception (positive and negative) of our traits, behaviors, abilities.
Who we would like to be.
Person who strives to live in harmony with their present impulses and feelings.
Congruence of ideal self, real self, and self-concept.
Parts of self are in alignment and balanced.
Inaccurate self-image; self-image differs from the ideal self.
External and internal conditions necessary for a person to become fully functioning; lower needs must be met prior to higher needs, but higher needs must be met for a fulfilling life.