Sentence Structure

Sentence Structure

Author: Nikki Hansen

To introduce and/or review complete and fragmented sentences, as well as phrases, dependent and independent clauses, subjects and predicates.

This packet defines complete sentences, fragmented sentences, dependent and independent clauses, phrases, subjects and predicates.
There is a text portion, 2 slide shows and 2 video components.

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Things to Know.

Subject: The subject of a sentence is who/what the sentence is about. 

Predicate: The predicate modifies (tells something) about the subject, and acts much like a verb phrase. 

Complete Sentence: A complete sentence contains at least one clause. A clause contains a subject and a predicate. 

Example: The Baby Cried. Baby is the Subject, Cried is the Predicate. The baby is who the sentence is about, cried is what the subject does.

Independent Clause: an independent clause is also a complete sentence.  An independent clause contains a subject and a predicate. 

Dependent Clause: a dependent clause relies on an independent clause to carry it.  A dependent clause can also be considered a sentence fragment.  It is the part of a sentence that can't stand by itself.

Example: The dog ran away while barking at the children. "Barking at the children" cannot stand alone, making it a dependent clause. "The dog ran away" can stand alone, and is considered a dependent clause. 

Fragment: a sentence fragment cannot stand alone and does not contain an independent clause. A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence.

Phrase: a group of words functioning as a single unit. A phrase acts like a noun. 

Example: I like to go to the store at the end of the street.

There are many types of phrases, including preposition, noun and verb phrases. 

Prepositional Phrases being with a preposition and end with a noun.  The way I like to remember it is by thinking about a prepositional phrase as being like a circle.  You can place things on, under, in, around and near by the circle.  "in the circle" is a prepositional phrase, "by the circle" is a prepositional phrase, and so on.

Common prepositional phrases include:

By the way

In general

In response to

In the interests of

On behalf of

To an extent

Independent and Dependent Clauses

Prepositional Phrases

What is a prepositional phrase?