As you learned previously, there are many different methods of conflict resolution.
In this lesson, we will discuss:
Shuttle diplomacy was coined as a term in the early 1970s by Henry Kissinger when he was attempting to end the Yom Kippur War.
Since that time, those in the field of conflict resolution have adapted the term to describe the process used when parties cannot meet in person due to distance or discomfort.
Thus the “shuttle” aspect refers to the process of moving back and forth between the two parties, which is what Henry Kissinger did in his attempt to end the war.
When serving as a liaison between the two parties, the conflict resolver’s role in shuttle diplomacy is to carry:
By communicating this tangible information from one party to another, the conflict resolver helps the parties reach a solution.
This process might sound a bit like conciliation, which you learned about in an earlier lesson.
If you remember, conciliation is a conflict resolution process in which the conflict resolver, or conciliator, meets privately with each conflicting party and seeks to gain concessions from each.
In this process, the conciliator moves between parties in separate meeting rooms or separate buildings, which seems very similar to the role of the conflict resolver in shuttle diplomacy.
However, the major difference is that conciliation focuses both the tangible issues (messages, questions, etc.) mentioned above and non-tangible issues, such as:
In conciliation, these non-tangible issues are also addressed by the conciliator, whereas they’re not necessarily taken into consideration in shuttle diplomacy.
Shuttle diplomacy and conciliation are similar in that they both work with parties in separate locations when it is impractical, impossible, and sometimes even potentially dangerous for the parties to come together.
These process differ in that conciliation deals with both tangible and non-tangible issues, and shuttle diplomacy focuses solely on the tangible.
In this lesson, you learned about shuttle diplomacy as a conflict resolution process that was started by Henry Kissinger in the early 1970s.
You now understand how shuttle diplomacy differs from conciliation: Although both processes provide mediation for parties who cannot meet in the same location, conciliation focuses on both tangible and non-tangible issues, while shuttle diplomacy is primarily concerned with tangible issues.Good luck!
Source: Adapted from Sophia tutorial by Marlene Johnson.
A conflict resolution process in which the conflict resolver meets privately with each party to the dispute, seeking to gain concessions from each party.
A conflict resolution process used when parties cannot meet in person, due to distance or discomfort.