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Situational Learning as a Collaborative Teaching and Learning Design

Situational Learning as a Collaborative Teaching and Learning Design

Author: Katie Hou
Description:

In this lesson, you will understand how collaborative learning support networked learning theory and situational learning theory.
You will understand the situational learning theory guidelines.
In this lesson, you will understand how to apply situational learning to lesson design.

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Hello, and thank you for joining me for Situational Learning as a Collaborative Teaching and Learning Design tool. By the end of today's tutorial, we will answer the following essential questions. How does collaborative learning support networked learning theory and situational learning theory? What are the guidelines of situational learning? And how can I apply situational learning in lesson design?

First, we're going to talk about how collaborative learning can support networked learning theory and social learning theory. One way that this occurs is through relationships. Since relationships are a pivotal part of networked learning theory and situational learning theory, collaborative teaching and learning can play a significant role.

Additionally, students are given the opportunity in this situation to build relationships, as well as connect prior knowledge to new learning specifically in authentic situations addressing authentic real world problems.

Also, students are engaged in collaborative groups. They're engaged because they want to solve problems, develop critical thinking and building skills, and they want to transfer the knowledge that they already have to new situations and learning.

Let's look at some situational learning guidelines as suggested by Stein in 1998. We know that learning is connected to student experiences and relationships. And we also know that knowledge in this theory is acquired through experiences.

Students can generalize knowledge to different situations or experiences that they've had. Social interactions through communication, collaboration, and critical thinking also occur and is connected to knowledge, experiences, and social interactions.

Now we're going to go over situational learning design and instructional strategies that have been adapted from critical characteristics of situated learning. Situated learning will provide students with authentic context and authentic activities that reflect the way that knowledge should be used in a discipline, such as doing labs in a science class, or how knowledge will be used in real life, such as taking our writing knowledge and writing a newspaper, for example.

It will also provide access to experts because we're moving away from the traditional role of teacher where we look to him or her as the end all, be all. Instead, the teacher is a resource who can also refer us to experts in their field. And these experts can model for the students the different processes so that it can be made explicit.

It also provides multiple roles and perspectives for the students. And it supports collaboration for the construction of knowledge. So this goes back to the constructivist view where the students create their own knowledge or construct their own knowledge. The collaboration can help in that aspect.

It also provides and builds on reflection opportunities. And it helps the students go from the abstract to the specific. And it can help provide coaching and scaffolding, especially at critical times where the student might be struggling, and this serves to help the student.

Let's take a moment to reflect. Do you use some of the guidelines for situational learning in your classroom already? If so, which ones? And if not, which ones are you most willing to use?

To review, today, we talked about how does collaborative learning support networked learning theory and situational learning theory? What are the guidelines of situational learning theory? And how can I apply situational learning theory in lesson design?

As you reflect on how this new information can be applied, you may want to explore the additional resources section that accompanies this video presentation. This is where you'll find links to resources chosen to help you deepen your learning and explore ways to apply your newly acquired skillset. Thanks for joining me and happy teaching.

Notes on "Situational Learning as a Collaborative Teaching and Learning Design"

Overview

(00:00-00:21) Introduction

(00:22-01:08) Collaborative Learning Supporting Networked Learning Theory and Social Learning Theory

(01:09-03:08) Situated Learning Guidelines

(3:09-03:25) Reflection

(03:26-03:57) Conclusion

Additional Resources

Instructional Design: Situated Learning

This site provides a brief overview of situational learning. In addition, the page includes examples and links for teachers.
http://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/situated-learning.html