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SOC 100 MIDTERM EXAM, PART I

SOC 100 MIDTERM EXAM, PART I

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_____ founded and named sociology as a discipline, pushing for a positivist society in which knowledge would be based on scientific reasoning and facts.
Answer

 
Question 2
3 out of 3 points
_____ established the first rules for conducting sociological research and examined the impact of modern society on social solidarity.
Answer

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Question 3
3 out of 3 points
The ability of individuals and groups to exercise free will and to make social change is referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 4
3 out of 3 points
_____ is considered the first female sociologist and argued that injustices such as slavery and women’s inequality stunted a society’s moral development.
Answer

 
Question 5
3 out of 3 points
The scientific study of human social relationships, groups, and societies is known as:
Answer

 
Question 6
3 out of 3 points
Accepted social behaviors and beliefs are referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 7
3 out of 3 points
The ability to evaluate claims about truth by using reason and evidence is referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 8
3 out of 3 points
Competition between social classes over the distribution of wealth, power, and other valued resources in society is referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 9
3 out of 3 points
Elementary schools serve as childcare institutions, allowing more parents to participate in the workforce. Which perspective does this statement reflect?
Answer

 
Question 10
3 out of 3 points
_____ reasoning starts from specific data and tries to identify larger patterns from which to derive more general theories.
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Question 11
3 out of 3 points
A characteristic of results that systematically misrepresent the full dimensions of what is being studied is referred to as:
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Question 12
3 out of 3 points
The idea that concepts and measurement accurately represent what they claim to represent is referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 13
3 out of 3 points
The degree to which two or more variables are associated with one another is referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 14
3 out of 3 points
A variable is defined as:
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Question 15
3 out of 3 points
A researcher finds that as income increases, square footage of respondent’s home also increases. This is an example of:
Answer

 
Question 16
3 out of 3 points
In sociological research, ideas about the world that describe a possible relationship between social phenomena are referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 17
3 out of 3 points
A researcher finds that as years spent driving increases, the number of accidents decreases. This is an example of:
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Question 18
3 out of 3 points
Particular ideas that people accept as true are referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 19
3 out of 3 points
The beliefs, norms, behaviors, and products common to the members of a particular group are referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 20
3 out of 3 points
A culture that exists together with a dominant culture but differs from it in some important respects is referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 21
3 out of 3 points
The physical objects created, embraced, or consumed by society that help shape peoples’ lives are referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 22
3 out of 3 points
Common rules of a culture that govern the behavior of people belonging to it are referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 23
3 out of 3 points
The ability of a local culture to absorb outside influences that fit in and enrich their culture while resisting those that are alien is known as:
Answer

 
Question 24
3 out of 3 points
Abstract and general standards in society that define ideal principles such as right and wrong are referred to as:
Answer

 
Question 25
3 out of 3 points
The abstract creations of human cultures, including ideas about behavior and living, are referred to as:


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