Like layers of soil, or "strata," social stratification is the hierarchical layering of groups of people in society from high to low.
The industrial revolution and the transition to industrial capitalism largely got rid of caste systems of social stratification and replaced them with less rigid and more flexible class systems of stratification.
The degree to which one can move upwards or downwards in society.
A system of social stratification based on economic achievements in the lifecourse.
A rigid system of social stratification that does not allow for social mobility.
A condition in which members of a society have different amounts of wealth, power, and prestige.