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Societal Protection

Societal Protection

Author: Sadie Pendaz

This lesson will define, examine, and discuss societal protection, criminal recidivism, death penalty, community-based corrections, probation, shock probation, and parole.

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Terms to Know
Community-Based Corrections

Forms of punishment aimed at reform, rather than mere incarceration, and operate outside of jails and prisons.

Criminal Recidivism

Repeated criminal offenses. Any offense after an initial offense is an example of criminal recidivism.

Death Penalty

A sentence of death reserved for severe crimes.


When an inmate is released early and gets to serve the rest of his or her sentence outside the prison under the loose supervision of a parole officer.


A form of punishment where the convicted offender stays in the community but must undertake a court imposed treatment regime.

Shock Probation

A form of punishment where the judge sends the offender to prison for a part of the sentence to "shock" them, and then lets them serve the rest of their sentence in the community with probation conditions.

Societal Protection

A way to control deviance in society by locking up offenders in prisons or sentencing them to the death penalty.