This lesson teaches the student how to add and subtract linear equations.
Furthermore, it explains how to combine equations in order to solve linear systems.
The packet contains a short video presentation that covers the packet objectives. Supplemental exercises are also included.
This presentation explains how to add and subtract linear equations, and how to use that technique to solve linear systems
Source: youtube.com, Colin O'Keefe
(solutions are provided at the bottom)
When approaching the following problems you should look for a way to cancel out one of the variables. Often getting variables to cancel involves multiplying an equation by a constant factor in order to make a coefficient in that equation equal the negative of the coefficient for the same variable in the other equation.
For example, if our two equations are
2x - y = 10
3x + 2y = 14
then we must choose a convenient factor. Notice that in the first equation we have a -y and in the second we have 2y. In this case, multiplying the first equation by 2 will give us a -2y in the first equation and a 2y in the second. Now the y terms will cancel.
4x - 2y = 20 (we multiplied 2 times 2x - y = 10)
3x + 2y = 14
adding these up gives us 7x + 0y = 34.
To recap, you just need to get one of the variables to cancel out. Choose a factor that will make one coefficient in one equation equal to the negative of that same coefficient in the other equation. Now try these exercises, good luck.
-x + y = 10
x - 2y = 12
(hint: just try adding the two together)
3x + 2y = 5
6x - y = 20
(hint: multiply one of the equations by two before combining them)
2x + 5y = 4
3x + 2y = -5
(hint: multiply the top equation by 3 and the bottom equation by -2)
1) (x,y) = (-32,-22)
2) (x,y) = (3,-2)
3) (x,y) = (-3,2)
Source: Colin O'Keefe