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Space

Space

Description:

In this lesson, you will learn about the Space element and its relationship to Form in the visual design process.

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Tutorial

What's Covered

Welcome you to today's lesson on space. Today’s lesson will cover the space element and a few examples of it in practice. Specifically, this lesson will look at:

  1. Defining Space
  2. Framing
  3. Figure/Ground

1. Defining Space

Space surrounds form and any other positive elements. So space is typically understood by negative spaces.

Term to Know

    • Space
    • Surrounds form and any other positive elements.

Take a look at the shape below, which is a silhouette of a statue.

Black and white note the negative and positive space. So all the black surrounding the white space is a negative space, and of course the white silhouette there is a positive element or form.

Space isn't just necessarily an empty or secondary area, it's just in the background and can be considered a format by which we frame a design.


2. Framing

Space can be used in framing, which are the edges of a visual design work.

Term to Know

    • Framing
    • Edges of a visual design work. This invariably lays the foundation of the designer's composition.

This variable lays the foundation of the designers composition. Framing changes the space, which directly affects the design as a whole, sometimes quite drastically. Space and spatial relationships are very important in design.


3. Figure/Ground

So the figure ground consists of two layers; form in the foreground and space in the background. This allows the viewer to perceive depth.

Term to Know

    • Figure/Ground
    • Consists of two layers. Form in the foreground and space in the background. This allows the viewer to see perceived depth.

Space is considered the ground in this relationship, so the figure is either the form, or the positive element in design.

In the example above, the literal figure is both. There's a minor sense of depth here because there's nothing going on with a negative space. But as you can see in the example of full value below, there's still very clear separation between the figure and the ground elements.


So there's no question what is the positive space and the negative space.


Summary

Well, that ends the lesson for today on space, framing, and figure ground.  Figure ground is two layers:  the foreground and background.  Framing constitutes the edges surrounding a piece, and space is considered the format by which we create a design.

Keep up the learning and have a great day!

Source: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR MARIO E. HERNANDEZ​

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Space

    Surrounds form and any other positive elements.

  • Framing

    Edges of a visual design work. This invariably lays the foundation of the designer's composition.

  • Figure/Ground

    Consists of two layers. Form in the foreground and space in the background. This allows the viewer to see perceived depth.