Online College Courses for Credit

Spanish Consonants

Spanish Consonants

Author: Sophia Tutorial

Identify the proper pronunciation of consonants in Spanish.

See More
Fast, Free College Credit

Developing Effective Teams

Let's Ride
*No strings attached. This college course is 100% free and is worth 1 semester credit.

47 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

299 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 33 of Sophia’s online courses. Many different colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.


what's covered
In this lesson, you will take a closer look at the consonants in the Spanish alphabet, and how they are pronounced in different Spanish words. Specifically, this lesson will cover:
  1. Las Consonantes (Consonants)

1. Las Consonantes (Consonants)

The following tables show the pronunciation of the consonants in the Spanish alphabet. Consonants with an asterisk have the same sound as in English.

Letter Sound Word To Try
b* as in English banana (banana)
c* s (soft) before an "e" or "it"
k (hard) before any other vowel
"cc" is pronounced "ks"
ciudad (city)
comer (to eat)
accento (accent)
ch ch chico (boy)
d softer than in English in the middle or at the end (in some dialects like "th" at middle or end) dedo (finger)
f* as in English farmacia (pharmacy)
g h (soft) before an "e" or "i"
g (hard) before other vowels
gente (people)
domingo (Saturday)
h always silent hola (hello)
j h José (Joseph)
k* as in English kilogramo (kilogram)
l* as in English luego (later)
ll y Me llamo (I call myself)
m* as in English mi (my)

Letter Sound Word To Try
n* as in English no (no)
ñ ny español (Spanish)
p* as in English papel (paper)
q k (never kw) ¿Qué? (What?)
r like "dd" in "ladder"
trilled /repeated at the beginning of a word
hablar (to speak)
para (for), rico (rich)
rr trilled/repeated carro (car)

Letter Sound Word To Try
s* as in English sí (yes)
t softer than in English in the middle or at the end tío (uncle), gato (cat)
v like a "b" viejo (old)
w* as in English web (internet)
x ks before vowels
s before consonants
examen (exam)
extra (extra)
y* as in English yo (I)
z s empezar (to begin), zapatos (shoes)

In this lesson, you learned about the consonants you will need to know in order to form words using the Spanish alphabet. While some of the consonants have the same pronunciation as they do in English, others have different or multiple pronunciations that it will be important for you to remember when speaking.

¡Buena suerte!


If you are struggling with a concept or terminology in the course, you may contact for assistance.

If you are having technical issues, please contact

Source: This content has been adapted from "Pharmacy Spanish" by Stephanie Langston.