Nucleic acids are made up of the elements carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorous. Nucleic acids are important because they make up genetic information in living things. There are two types of nucleic acid and they are DNA and RNA. DNA is the basic instructions for living things. It is passed down from parent to offspring and is found in the nucleus of the cell. RNA is very important for making proteins in a cell and can be found floating around in the cytoplasm of a cell. DNA and RNA are made up of neucleotides called adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine and uracil.
Structure of DNA: