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TAX 655: Final Exam

TAX 655: Final Exam

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Author: Jean Brunner
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Problem 1
Your client, a physician, recently purchased a yacht on which he flies a pennant with a medical emblem on it. He recently informed you that he purchased the yacht and flies the pennant to advertise his occupation and thus attract new patients. He has asked you if he may deduct as ordinary and necessary business expenses the costs of insuring and maintaining the yacht. In search of an answer, consult RIA’s CHECKPOINT TAX available on-line through the SNHU Shapiro Library. Explain the steps taken to find your answer.
Problem 2  
Stacey Small has a small salon that she has run for a few years as a sole proprietorship. The proprietorship uses the cash method of accounting and the calendar year as its tax year. Stacey needs additional capital for expansion and knows two people who might be interested in investing. One would like to practice hairdressing in the salon. The other would only invest.
Stacey wants to know the tax consequences of incorporating the business. Her business assets include a building, equipment, accounts receivable and cash. Liabilities include a mortgage on the building and a few accounts payable, which are deductible when paid.
Write a memo to Stacey explaining the tax consequences of the incorporation. As part of your memo examine the possibility of having the corporation issue common and preferred stock and debt for the shareholders’ property and money.
Problem 3
Five years ago, Lacey, Kaylee, and Doug organized a software corporation, DLK, which develops and sells Online Meetings software for businesses.  DLK is a C corporation. Each individual contributed $10,000 to the company in exchange for 1,000 shares of DLK stock (for a total of 3,000 shares). The corporation also borrowed $250,000 from ACME Venture Capital to finance operating costs and capital expenditures.
Problem 4
Which of the following groups constitute a controlled group? (Any stock not listed below is held by unrelated individuals each owning less than 1% of the outstanding stock.) For brother-sister corporations, which definition applies?
Problem 5
Eric and Denise are partners in ED Partnership. Eric owns a 60% capital, profits and loss interest. Denise owns the remaining interest. Both materially participate in the partnership activities. At the beginning of the current year, ED’s only liabilities are $50,000 in accounts payable, which remain outstanding at year-end. In August, ED borrowed $120,000 on a nonrecourse basis from Delta Bank. The loan is secured by property with a $230,000 FMV. These are ED’s only liabilities at year-end. Basis for the partnership interest at the beginning of the year is $40,000 for Denise and $60,000 for Eric before considering the impact of liabilities and operations. ED has a $200,000 ordinary loss during the current year. How much loss can Eric and Denise recognize?


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