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The California Gold Rush

The California Gold Rush

Author: Sarah Hansard

4.4.2  Explain how the Gold Rush transformed the economy of California, including the types of products produced and consumed, changes in towns (e.g., Sacramento, San Francisco), and economic conflicts between diverse groups of people. 

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Economic Conflicts Between Ethnic Groups

At the beginning the Gold Rush, many Native Americans worked the mines.  As more and more Americans came from the east, the Native American miners were driven away.  Miners who came from other countries were subjected to the Foreign Miners' Tax Law of 1850.  The law was designed to drive Mexican and Chinese immigrants away from mining.

Read more about the economic conflicts here.    

Gold Brings Change

Population Changes

The Big Question

What factors combined to make San Francisco such a busy town?  Collaborate with your group on a Google Doc to answer the question.