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The Cerebrum
Next Generation: MS.LS1.8 MS.LS1.8

The Cerebrum

Author: Aaron Mullally

This lesson will examine the structure and function of the cerebrum and will investigate what affects our levels of consciousness and how we store and retrieve memories.

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Video Images: Lobes of the Brain, Public Domain:; Cingula gyrus, Public Domain:; Human brain image, Creative Commons:; Cerebral Cortex image Taken by Aaron Mullally

Terms to Know
Association Areas

Areas of the cerebral cortex that processes information and works to produce an action.

Cerebral Cortex

The outer layer of the cerebrum that deals with conscious behaviors.


A part of the brain located in the forebrain that processes incoming sensory input.


The level of alertness of the brain.

Corpus Callosum

A band of nerve tracts that connects the hemispheres of the cerebrum.

Limbic System

An area of the brain that controls emotions.

Long Term Memory

Information that is stored more permanently.


The way in which the brain is able to store and retrieve information.

Motor Areas

Areas of the cerebral cortex that control voluntary movements.

Reticular Activating System

A part of the reticular formation that plays a role in determining  our level of consciousness.

Reticular Formation

A network of neurons that runs through the brain.

Sensory Areas

Areas of the cerebral cortex that interpret the meaning of sensations.

Short Term Memory

Information that is stored for a short period of time.