A message sent by receiver to sender indicating that a message has been received and indicating how the message has been interpreted.
A factor that can prevent a message from being received or cause it to be received or interpreted in a way other than the one meant by the sender.
A set of symbols with consistent meanings used to hold and convey information.
A representation of a concept in a tangible form.
In communication, the person receiving information from another.
In communication, the person moving information from him or herself to another.
A "packet" of information which has been encoded and is moved from sender to receiver.
A sequence of symbols that can be interpreted as a message.
The process of moving information from person to person using symbolic codes.