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The End of the Indian Wars

The End of the Indian Wars

Author: Dan Boyle
Description:

At the end of this tutorial, students will be to:

  • identify the Sioux leaders responsible for leading their warriors into battle against the U.S. Army
  • discuss some of the reasons for General Custer's loss at the Battle of Little Big Horn
  • discuss why some tribes chose not to fight against the U.S. Army
  • describe the Dawes Act and what it meant for Amerindians
  • discuss the impact of the Battle of Wounded Knee

After the signing of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie, very little went right in terms of the Amerindians of the Great Plains keeping the land that had belonged to them for generations.  Yes, they won a major victory at the Battle of Little Big Horn over General George A. Custer and his 7th Cavalry, but all that did was to inspire the U.S. soldiers to take nothing for granted and to shoot first and ask questions later.  Senator Henry Dawes from Massachusetts believed he was helping the situation with the eponymous Dawes Act, granting Amerindians 160 acres of reservation land, which they could live on and farm.  But this was not realistic, as many of the tribes he was trying to "help" were nomadic.  The final battle of the Indian Wars took place at Wounded Knee in South Dakota, a defeat for the Amerindians and one that proved to them they should move to reservations.

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Tutorial

The End of the Indian Wars (Screencast-O-Matic Version)

A look at the conflict between the U.S. Army and the Amerindians of the Great Plains from the Battle at Little Big Horn, through the Dawes Act, and ending at Wounded Knee

The End of the Indian Wars (YouTube Version)

A look at the conflict between the U.S. Army and the Amerindians of the Great Plains from the Battle at Little Big Horn, through the Dawes Act, and ending at Wounded Knee

Chief Joseph, Nez Perce Leader, Oct. 5, 1877

Tell General Howard I know his heart.  What he told me before, I have it in my heart.  I am tired of

fighting.  Our chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Ta Hool Hool Shute is dead.  The old men

are all dead.  It is the young men who say yes or no.  He who led on the young men is dead.  It is

cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death.  My people, some of them,

have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food.  No one knows where they are –

perhaps freezing to death.  I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them

I can find.  Maybe I shall find them among the dead.  Hear me, my Chiefs!  I am tired; my heart is

sick and sad.  From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.