Online College Courses for Credit

The Midwest Part 1

The Midwest Part 1

Author: Jeff Mehring
See More
Fast, Free College Credit

Developing Effective Teams

Let's Ride
*No strings attached. This college course is 100% free and is worth 1 semester credit.

29 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

314 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 27 of Sophia’s online courses. Many different colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.



Please review the following words before the reading.

  • settlers
  • immigration

Immigration and the 'Melting Pot'

During the first half of the 19th century a growing number of immigrants came to the United States. Many of them wanted freedom or a better economic future. They mainly came from Northern Europe, Great Britain, Germany, and Scandinavia. After the Mexican-American War many Mexicans became America citizens. The California Gold Rush brought many immigrants from South America, Australia, and China.

For 50 years after the Civil War more than 30 million immigrants came to America. More than 90% of the immigrants were from Europe. Germans settled in the North Midwest. People from Ireland settled on the East coast. People from Scandinavia settled in Minnesota and North and South Dakota. Polish immigrants moved to the East Coast and areas around Chicago. Italians stayed on the East Coast, New York.

Chinese and Japanese immigrants moved to Seattle, San Francisco or other places on the West Coast. This is why America is called the 'Melting Pot', many different cultures, languages and religions all living in the same place. 

Immigration and the Melting Pot

After reading please watch the video.

Source: Video was adapted from

Questions on the reading and video

After doing the reading and watching the video please answer the questions.