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The Midwest Part 1

The Midwest Part 1

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Author: Jeff Mehring
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Tutorial

Vocabulary

Please review the following words before the reading.

  • settlers
  • immigration

Immigration and the 'Melting Pot'

During the first half of the 19th century a growing number of immigrants came to the United States. Many of them wanted freedom or a better economic future. They mainly came from Northern Europe, Great Britain, Germany, and Scandinavia. After the Mexican-American War many Mexicans became America citizens. The California Gold Rush brought many immigrants from South America, Australia, and China.

For 50 years after the Civil War more than 30 million immigrants came to America. More than 90% of the immigrants were from Europe. Germans settled in the North Midwest. People from Ireland settled on the East coast. People from Scandinavia settled in Minnesota and North and South Dakota. Polish immigrants moved to the East Coast and areas around Chicago. Italians stayed on the East Coast, New York.

Chinese and Japanese immigrants moved to Seattle, San Francisco or other places on the West Coast. This is why America is called the 'Melting Pot', many different cultures, languages and religions all living in the same place. 

Immigration and the Melting Pot

After reading please watch the video.

Source: Video was adapted from http://www.the-map-as-history.com/

Questions on the reading and video

After doing the reading and watching the video please answer the questions.