Please review the following words before the reading.
During the first half of the 19th century a growing number of immigrants came to the United States. Many of them wanted freedom or a better economic future. They mainly came from Northern Europe, Great Britain, Germany, and Scandinavia. After the Mexican-American War many Mexicans became America citizens. The California Gold Rush brought many immigrants from South America, Australia, and China.
For 50 years after the Civil War more than 30 million immigrants came to America. More than 90% of the immigrants were from Europe. Germans settled in the North Midwest. People from Ireland settled on the East coast. People from Scandinavia settled in Minnesota and North and South Dakota. Polish immigrants moved to the East Coast and areas around Chicago. Italians stayed on the East Coast, New York.
Chinese and Japanese immigrants moved to Seattle, San Francisco or other places on the West Coast. This is why America is called the 'Melting Pot', many different cultures, languages and religions all living in the same place.