The Pantheon

The Pantheon

Author: Aleisha Olson

This lesson will explore the Pantheon as one of the main technical and artistic achievements of Ancient Rome.

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This lesson discusses the sense of artistic space and technical innovations used in the construction of the Pantheon.


Image of the Pantheon, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_rome_2005may.jpg; Image of Vertical Panorama of Pantheon, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon-Sta-01.jpg ; Image of Interior of Pantheon, Photo by Stefan Bauer, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_floor_drainage.jpg; Image of Dome of Pantheon, Image by Matthias Kabel, Creative Commons,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_cupola.jpg

Terms to Know

Square-shaped elements in the surface of a ceiling or dome, with both a decorative and practical function of lightening the weight.

Corinthian Order

The most recent of the three classical orders of column and also the most refined and decorative, marked by acanthus leaf decorations at the capital.


A vaulted roof element, having a rounded, semicircular or elliptical shape.


A cylindrical stone that forms part of a column.


An “eye” or round hole in the top of a dome that lightens its weight and allows natural light to come in.


Rose-shaped elements, often in the middle of coffers.