3 Tutorials that teach The Pantheon
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The Pantheon

The Pantheon

Author: Aleisha Olson

This lesson will explore the Pantheon as one of the main technical and artistic achievements of Ancient Rome.

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Introduction to Art History

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This lesson discusses the sense of artistic space and technical innovations used in the construction of the Pantheon.


Image of the Pantheon, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_rome_2005may.jpg; Image of Vertical Panorama of Pantheon, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon-Sta-01.jpg ; Image of Interior of Pantheon, Photo by Stefan Bauer, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_floor_drainage.jpg; Image of Dome of Pantheon, Image by Matthias Kabel, Creative Commons,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_cupola.jpg

  • Coffers

    Square-shaped elements in the surface of a ceiling or dome, with both a decorative and practical function of lightening the weight.

  • Oculus

    An “eye” or round hole in the top of a dome that lightens its weight and allows natural light to come in.

  • Dome

    A vaulted roof element, having a rounded, semicircular or elliptical shape.

  • Rosettes

    Rose-shaped elements, often in the middle of coffers.

  • Drum

    A cylindrical stone that forms part of a column.

  • Corinthian Order

    The most recent of the three classical orders of column and also the most refined and decorative, marked by acanthus leaf decorations at the capital.