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The Pantheon

The Pantheon

Author: Erin Aldana
Description:

This lesson will explore the Pantheon as one of the main technical and artistic achievements of Ancient Rome.

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Tutorial

Citations

Pantheon exterior, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_rome_2005may.jpg, Pantheon interior, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon,_Rome.jpg, Pantheon, northwest side exterior, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_right_side_view.jpg,  diagram of Pantheon with sphere, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pantheon_section_sphere.svg?uselang=it

Terms to Know
Coffers

Square-shaped elements in the surface of a ceiling or dome, with both a decorative and practical function of lightening the weight.

Corinthian Order

The most recent of the three classical orders of column and also the most refined and decorative, marked by acanthus leaf decorations at the capital.

Dome

A vaulted roof element, having a rounded, semicircular or elliptical shape.

Drum

A cylindrical stone that forms part of a column.

Oculus

An “eye” or round hole in the top of a dome that lightens its weight and allows natural light to come in.

Rosettes

Rose-shaped elements, often in the middle of coffers.