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The Role of the Teacher in Flipped Learning

The Role of the Teacher in Flipped Learning

Author: Katie Hou
Description:

This lesson will provide the learner with a view of the changing role of the teacher in flipped learning environments.

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Hello, and thank you for joining me to discuss the role of teacher in a flipped learning classroom. By the end of today's tutorial, we'll be able to answer the following essential questions. What is the role of the teacher in the flipped learning environment? And how does this role compare and contrast to the teacher's role in a traditional classroom? Let's just quickly review.

In a flipped learning classroom, the traditional classroom roles are flipped, meaning content is covered at home relying a lot on technology. While in the classroom, it's a place for creative enrichment. And the teacher acts more like facilitator. We briefly mentioned technology already. But flipped learning classrooms do rely heavily on technology. What exactly is the teacher's role?

Well, it actually really changes significantly because direct instruction is no longer taking place in the classroom setting. It's taking place at home. Therefore, the teacher has to create the content that students will use in the homework process. They have to find the tutorials or create the tutorials, so they're still responsible for the direct instruction. But it's not going to be a lecture that's based on a textbook. It's going to be using a variety of online resources or an engaging presentation for the students to view at home.

In the classroom, the teacher really takes more of a facilitator role. This is a positive thing because the teacher is then able to individualize learning which leads to differentiation. As we all know, students learn in different ways. So the teacher's role really shifts from delivering the content to the whole group through direct instruction or through a lecture to finding ways to engage the different types of learners actively based on their strengths. The classroom time is going to be characterized by active learning, and then the teacher is really responsible for having high student engagement and then for guiding and facilitating.

The teacher is also present to answer any questions that the student had from the content the night before and to correct any misconceptions and just kind of be the in-class expert on the subject matter, but the students are really the ones exploring it. As I mentioned briefly before, the teacher's responsibilities have really changed in that they need to try to help develop collaborative learning, problem-based activities for the students in the classroom. And they also need to think of creative ways for the students to apply what they learned the night before during that classroom time.

So how is the teacher's role different here versus a traditional classroom? Well, like we talked about in our last tutorial when we were introduced to flipped learning, well, the homework is different. In a traditional classroom, homework is just an opportunity to practice the content that was learned through direct instruction that day. But in a flipped learning environment, homework is where the students learn the content.

So as I said before, the teachers need to figure out a way to create or package the curriculum materials so that the students are learning the content at home and then the classroom time has also flipped. So instead of trying to figure out a way to deliver the instruction to the kids, maybe focusing on notes or whatever. The teacher is responsible for finding engaging ways to have the students get involved with the content knowledge that they learned the night before. And this includes helping the students assimilate the new learning, keeping the students actively engaged in learning, and incorporating problem-based learning activities, as well as discussion and debates.

So let's reflect really briefly. What do you think would be some challenges you would face in transitioning from your current role to the role of a teacher in a flipped classroom? OK, let's review. Today, we talked about what the role of the teacher is in the flipped learning environment and how this role compares and contrasts to the teacher's role in a traditional classroom.

Now it's your turn to apply what you've learned in this video. The additional resources section will be super helpful. This section is designed to help you discover useful ways to apply what you've learned here. Each link includes a brief description so you can easily target the resources you want. Thank you for joining me, and happy teaching.

Notes on “Role of the Teacher in a Flipped Learning Classroom”

Overview

(00:00-00:16) Introduction

(00:17-00:39) Flipped Learning Recap

(00:40-02:19) Teacher’s Role

(02:20-03:20) Traditional Vs. Flipped

(03:21-03:35) Reflection

(03:36-04:07) Conclusion

Additional Resources

Why Teachers Matter More in Flipped Classrooms

Educator Jon Bergmann explains the shift in the role of the teacher in the flipped classroom. Bergmann stresses the importance of relationships between students and teachers in flipped learning.
http://jonbergmann.com/whyteachersmattermoreinflippedclassroom/

"The flipped classroom will redefine the role of educators"

In this interview, Harvard Applied Physics professor Eric Mazur explains his long history with flipping his classroom and outlines how it has transformed his professional practice. Click "read more" to listen to the podcast of the interview.
http://www.seas.harvard.edu/news/2013/03/flipped-classroom-will-redefine-role-educators