A franchise is defined as a type of business in which one organization pays to use an established business model and intellectual properties.
Starting a business from scratch can have its advantages and disadvantages compared with franchising. Starting from scratch allows the owner to realize his own ideas; you're not limited to what the franchise tells you that you can or cannot do. However, you have to develop relationships with other stakeholders, suppliers, customers, etc., and funding can be difficult to get at the beginning.
Franchising, on the other hand, brings an established customer base with it. There's a recognizable name, and there are certain expectations you get from customers, which will be positive or negative, depending on the franchise. Funding is also much easier because the numbers can be shown to the bank reflecting what other franchises have done, and it's an established name.
Franchising as an option gives a license to operate an individually owned business.
EXAMPLECommonly known franchises include businesses like McDonald's, H&R Block, Ramada Hotels, and Papa John's Pizza.
The franchisee is a person who buys and operates this franchise as their own business. The franchiser is the one who sells the opportunity to use that franchise's name and business model.
Of course, there are pros and cons to every business option. In this case, a franchise brings in a proven business model, and it also has support from the home office. Big cons are the start-up costs that are involved with opening, which can be very expensive, and the lack of freedom on the part of the franchise owner.
There are three major types of franchises.
|Type of Franchise||Example|
|Manufacturer gives authorization to retail stores to sell a particular item, and only those people are allowed to sell that particular item.||Your local gas station is authorized to sell that particular brand of gas at their gas station. Also, car dealerships follow this model.|
|Producer licenses distributors to sell a product to retailers||Coca Cola doesn't own all the bottlers around the world. The bottlers are owned by individual companies and are franchised to license that product and sell it on Coke's behalf.|
|Franchiser supplies a name and supplies, but not the actual product.||McDonald's is an example of this particular type of franchise. It sells the name and the supplies to make the product, but they don't make the actual product. You make the actual product on site and sell it.|
There has been a dramatic rise in franchising and they have gained significantly in popularity.
There are also dual branded franchises out there. For instance, Long John Silver's Restaurants and KFC may have one location with two different franchises at the same location. This increases the customer base and hopefully generates greater sales, but it also increases the cost of ownership and startup.
Just because you have a franchise and it's an established name doesn't mean you're guaranteed success--there are no guarantees in the world of business.
Multilevel marketing is defined as a type of business where people are compensated not only for their own sales, but they also earn a percentage of what their recruited salespeople sell.
The real money in multilevel marketing is made not by selling the actual product, but by over sellers. In other words, the primary way you make money in a multi-level marketing strategy is by recruiting other sellers to sell the product, not actually selling the product yourself. In a multi-level marketing strategy, the people who recruit take a portion of the sales that the people below them sell.
Source: ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA INSTRUCTOR JAMES HOWARD